Winter is a big challenge for our body. Especially our skin suffers greatly from the dry air and cold temperatures. Worst of all, it hits our feet. These are packed in warm shoes and thick socks during autumn and winter. They usually spend most of the day there and are unpacked in the evening. This not only ensures heat build-up and little air circulation on our feet, but can also lead to discomfort such as sweat and winter feet. We reveal how to properly care for your feet in winter and thus prevent problems.
What happens in winter: Feet in cold temperatures
Our body reacts to low temperatures in winter by constricting external vessels to keep core body temperature high. As a result, limbs such as feet or hands are not supplied with sufficient blood, so that the temperature decreases there. Over time, our feet will get cold and start to freeze.
In order not to freeze on the feet, we often pack them thicker and warmer in winter. However, socks and warm winter shoes are often very tight and less breathable. This makes for an unpleasant pressure points and cornea arise. On the other hand, the lack of air circulation in the warm shoes blocks the air and the feet start to sweat. The sweat can not escape through the thick socks and shoes. In extreme cases, it can cause athlete's foot or atopic winter foot, a consequence of dry feet.
Causes of ice feet
In winter, it's all about the right shoes. For wrong footwear can favor the development of cold feet, because the blood vessels on the feet pull together even more than it is already the case in winter anyway. The low blood flow makes the feet freeze.
Other causes of ice feet may include low blood pressure and vascular disease caused by diabetes, obesity, smoking, and high blood pressure. If these conditions are the cause of cold feet, it is advisable to consult a doctor and change your own lifestyle. With a healthy diet and more exercise, sufferers can take their first steps in the right direction.
Tips for ice feet
Among other things, the following measures help against ice feet in winter:
- Wear thermal socks with sewn-in metal fibers, these keep your feet very warm.
- Make sure that your winter shoes are not too tight, so that a good circulation of the feet is possible.
- Put shoe soles with lambskin in your shoes to keep your soles warm.
- Rub your feet with warming foot creams. These stimulate the circulation of the skin and thus lead to warm feet.
- Proper sitting promotes blood circulation in the feet. For that, the legs should stand comfortably next to each other, instead of being knocked over each other.
- Toe and foot exercises stimulate blood circulation in the feet for a while and allow them to warm up.
- Regular sauna sessions as well as Kneipp and alternating showers train the vessels. These do not contract so much in the feet. This keeps your feet warm.
- Five-minute foot baths with essential oils warm the feet especially
Sweaty feet in winter
Too thick wrapped feet sweat in warm and heated rooms. The sweat can not escape so well from closed shoes. This causes it to remain on the skin and be decomposed by bacteria - this creates a cheesy odor. However, a welding foot not only smells unpleasant, but is also particularly susceptible to fungal diseases. In addition, a cold and wet foot is a danger for colds.
The following tips help to avoid sweaty feet:
- Be sure to buy breathable and waterproof footwear (leather shoes and shoes with TEX materials). Such shoes ensure dry feet and an exchange between warm air in the shoe and fresh outside air.
- Wash your feet daily and then rub them with rubbing alcohol.
- At home, preferably wear open slippers or even walk barefoot and let air on your feet as often as possible.
- Spray your shoes once a week with disinfectant spray.
- Wear thin cotton socks, as they transport perspiration outward more than synthetic socks, thus reducing the moisture in the shoe.
What is an atopic winter foot?
In winter, the skin on the feet can not only be moist, but also cracked and dry. The risk is particularly high if she is in thick shoes and generally receives little oxygen. This then favors the formation of cornea.
An atopic winter foot is a mild variant of atopic dermatitis. Therefore, often - but not only - people with allergies or eczema are affected by atopic winter feet. Typical symptoms include dry skin and bloody cracks on the soles and toes. As a rule, sufferers, as well as sweaty people, should rely on breathable and waterproof shoes and cotton socks and ventilate their feet frequently.
In addition, the following measures are recommended:
- Run lukewarm foot baths with moisturizing bath additives. These make the skin supple and bend, applied regularly, dry feet.
- Contact your dermatologist. This prescribes fatty ointments in most cases.
Beautiful and healthy feet: the right care
In general, it is advisable to make regular foot baths with essential oils in the winter while massaging your feet. This promotes blood circulation and invigorates the feet. In addition, pay regular foot scrubs. They remove scales and create a soft skin. To remove calluses, it is recommended to soak the skin on the feet with a bath and then work the rough areas with pumice and corneal files.
However, the best care for the feet are still rich creams and lotions. To prevent damage to the feet in winter, you should apply a special cream on your feet in the morning and evening. Creams and lotions support the natural sebum production and preserve the protective film of the skin. For particularly chapped and dry feet, a cream with urea and aloe vera is recommended.
On the other hand, ingredients such as eucalyptus, lavender and rosemary stimulate the circulation of the feet. This is very beneficial and warming especially for cold feet. Against sweaty feet are mainly special lotions and deodorants with aluminum chloride. In the long run you should not use deodorants with aluminum chloride, as the metal can be harmful. As an alternative, you can also use powder, because also powder helps to absorb the sweat and to provide dry feet.