Regardless of whether developmental delays in childhood, stroke or Parkinson's Disease - disorders of the central nervous system are usually treated with physiotherapy therapy concepts.
Effectively treat movement disorders with physiotherapy
If movement disorders, paralysis or spasticity occur, physiotherapy can be used as early as infancy. While the Bobath concept motivates patients to autonomous movements, Vojta therapy activates spontaneous movement patterns and motor responses through targeted pressure on muscle / bone areas. B. Eye movement, swallowing or breathing.
"The physiotherapeutic therapies according to Bobath and Vojta are internationally recognized and are reimbursed in Germany by health insurance, " says Ute Repschläger, physiotherapist and chairwoman of the Federal Association of Independent Physiotherapists IFK e. V. "The doctor prescribes KG CNS, which includes both procedures, so that the therapist can decide on an individually meaningful treatment."
Brain stores movement sequences
In central movement disorders perception and motor processes are disturbed and are often limited by abnormal or one-sided movement patterns. Therefore, the brain must be given the opportunity to store physiological movements and posture patterns in order to use them in everyday life.
This basic idea is found in both Bobath and Vojta concepts. "The central nervous system is given the opportunity to store movement patterns and to use them by motor, " explains Ute Repschläger.
Vojta Therapy: Movement pattern through stimuli
As a basic therapy is Vojta - named after the Czech doctor. Václav Vojta - regardless of the age of the patient for movement disorders, muscle or respiratory diseases use. Targeted pressure on so-called rice zones triggers reactions throughout the organism. The body responds with innate movement patterns. Thus, the muscle activities are intensively trained, which are necessary for the stabilization of the posture and for the control of the limbs.
"There is a special reflex training to Vojta, which is specially tailored to children, " said Ute Repschläger. "Here it is important to trigger the patterns of reflex reflex and reflex creep several times a day." Vojta Therapy is especially helpful when children are not physically active or have muscle weakness, such as B. in the respiratory function.
Bobath Therapy: Practice Everyday Activities
The Bobath therapy is named after the couple Bertha and Karel Bobath and is used especially in diseases of the central nervous system, eg. In adults after a stroke or in children with disabilities due to lack of oxygen during childbirth. The goal of the therapist is to improve the patient's activities to cope with his everyday life.
Through targeted treatment techniques and motivation z. As the movement sequences and transitions constructed, exercises equilibrium reactions and improves body awareness. Physiotherapy is based on age- or development-related movement patterns and uses everyday practical activities in real situations. For example, a stroke patient is encouraged to use the paralyzed side in everyday activities such as eating or washing.
According to Ute Repschläger, "The aim of the therapy is to use special techniques to increase the autonomy and quality of life of the patients." According to Bobath, children are playfully motivated to correct disturbances in sensory and equilibrium.Motion incentives and experiences stimulate motor learning. Children with movement, coordination and perception disorders are thus helped to develop optimally.