Through her self-sacrificing work, the Briton Florence Nightingale went down in history. Born in 1820 in Florence, the daughter of wealthy parents, she had to fight hard before she could fulfill her lifelong dream. She wanted to help and to care for, but women from a good family at that time were condemned to a life in the golden cage. Finally, her family consented: she learned the profession of nurse.
In the Crimean War, where she was the lifesaver for thousands of wounded, she got her nickname "The Lady with the Lamp": At night she ran with the lamp in her hand through the hospitals. The reform of nursing in England is associated with her name and she was the model of Henry Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross.
Reform of nursing
She owes her name to her birthplace of Florence, her last name is that of a small bird with a powerful voice, the nightingale.
As a nurse Florence Nightingale organized against the massive resistance of the medical profession in the Crimean War (1853 - 1856), the care of the soldiers new, improved the hygienic and medical conditions and lowered the mortality rate from 42 to 2%.
After her return, she founded in 1860, the first nursing school in London, which was taught according to modern norms. Her experiences have been published in various textbooks. Florence Nightingale was the first woman to receive the "Order of Great Service to the British Empire and Humanity" in 1907 and became an honorary citizen of London.
Today we owe it to the British nurse that nursing has been established as a teaching profession. Florence Nightingale died in 1910 - a heroine during her lifetime!