After Hippocrates, there was still a significant physician of antiquity, but has become far less famous. Galen from Pergamon, born in 129 and died in 199 after Christ, is despite his great works a rather unknown personality.
But what were his works? Among the most famous works of Galen of Pergamon were, for example, Simplicia, a treatise on the simple medicines, a medical illness, which entered the history of humoral pathology as a medical history and of course his life's work, an examination of the books of the Corpus hippocraticum.
Even great thinkers start small ...
First medical observations and healing methods he was able to learn first as a gladiator. He completed his knowledge later on long journeys. In 161 he settled in Rome where he became famous for his medical skills, his research on animals and his public lectures.
He dissected animals ...
Goats, pigs and monkeys had to dissect - this enabled him to show how different muscles are controlled by different areas of the spine. He recognized the kidney and bladder tasks and identified seven pairs of cranial nerves. He also showed that the brain controls the voice.
Galen discovered that the arteries did not carry air (as one had assumed for 400 years), but blood. He also described the heart valves and noticed the difference in the structure between arteries and veins, but he did not realize that the blood is circulating in the circulation.
He tried his hand as a philosopher
Galen wrote mathematical and philosophical writings. Thus, for example, following Aristotle's ideas, he argued in his treatise On the Tasks of Human Body Parts that nothing is superfluous in nature and that everything has a definite meaning. Galen's fundamental contribution to philosophical thought was the idea that God's goals could be recognized through the study of nature.
All in all, a significant man
Galen wrote about 500 treatises on medicine, philosophy and ethics, many of which have survived as translations. The anatomical findings were his most important scientific achievements and milestones in medicine.