Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a chemist and entrepreneur, many certainly known by the Nobel Prize, was born on 21.10.1833 in Stockholm. Already at a young age he left Stockholm and moved with his parents to St. Petersburg. There he received private lessons in languages, literature and natural sciences. After several years abroad, where he completed his training in engineering and chemistry, he returned to his father's factory in St. Petersburg.
Beginnings of the explosive
At that time, he began to study the development of explosives. Even his father experimented with the then common nitroglycerine, which exploded very easily by itself. Alfred Nobel made it his business to find a solution to use this explosive for controlled explosions. 1862 Alfred Nobel performed the first successful blasting with nitroglycerin. He mixed the explosive with diatomaceous earth, a sand of skeletons of unicellular organisms, the diatoms.
"Dynamic" researcher years
In 1867 he produced dynamite for the first time and the first dynamite factory was built in a small community called Krümmel, near Hamburg. In 1875, Nobel developed another explosive that had a firmer texture, was safer and outperformed nitroglycerin. In 1887 he patented the powder "Ballistit". He founded explosives factories in different countries.
Numerous wars quickly made him a rich man. Some chroniclers report that Alfred Nobel abhorred the war. He would have thought of the invention of dynamite only to the safety of miners and demolition masters. Contrary to the fact that his invention was intended exclusively for military purposes, is also his active contact with the then peacemaker Bertha von Suttner. With her, he discussed peace policy and a union of states, similar to today's United Nations.
Nobel Peace Prize
Alfred Nobel died on December 10, 1896 in San Remo / Italy. He owned 355 patents and 90 factories in 20 countries at that time. He left his entire fortune to the Nobel Foundation, which to this day finances the Nobel Prize in Physics, Chemistry and Medicine. Furthermore, a prize for literature and one for the person who has "worked most for the fraternization of the peoples" are awarded. The Nobel Prize is presented annually in the Stockholm Concert Hall on December 10, the anniversary of the death of Alfred Nobel.