Beauty comes from within - during menopause but also dry skin, brittle hair and pimples. At the onset of menopause, the concentration of the female sex hormones is reduced and, as they help the cells to store fluids, the moisture content in the skin and mucous membranes also decreases during menopause, "explains Dr. med. Susanne Holthausen, a doctor at the Techniker Krankenkasse (TK). After the hormone change, the skin also renewed slower, is thinner, less elastic and prone to wrinkles and injuries. "The changes menopause brings to skin and hair can not be stopped, but the process can be slowed down and sometimes even compensated, " says Holthausen. First of all, it is important to have a particularly thorough body care, for example with mild cleansing lotions and moisturizing and fatty creams. The sensitive facial skin should be creamed at least twice a day with a low-fat and moisturizing facial care. When showering, bathing or washing your hands, the doctor advises you to use moisturizing lotion instead of moisturizing alcohol tinctures.
Drink a lot
Many women also underestimate their fluid requirements. And those who do not drink enough dry out their skin. In the period of hormone change, women should therefore take special care to drink enough - two to three liters daily, preferably mineral water, fruit tea or juice spritzers. Gentle brush massages, fresh air and sauna visits stimulate the blood circulation of the skin additionally and do well.
Too intensive facial massages, however, have the opposite effect, as they drive the moisture out of the cells. Even cosmetic treatments can be a treat for the skin and soul, but they only work temporarily. Cosmetic surgery, on the other hand, has to be well considered: "In operations, complications are always possible and the skin is not made younger by lifting, but only toned, " warns the TK doctor. Such interventions, if any, should only be done by experienced Plastic Surgeons.
Beware of the sun
With increasing age, the photosensitivity of the skin increases. The skin pigment melanin, which provides for tanning and protects against sunburn, is produced by the body in lesser quantities than before, as the number of pigment-forming cells decreases. Therefore, extensive sunbathing and solarium visits - which also encourage the emergence of so-called age spots - should be taboo at the latest with the onset of menopause. In summer, sunscreen with a high SPF, long-sleeved clothing, shawls and wide-brimmed hats provide extra protection.
Declining estrogen levels
Due to the decreasing estrogen level, the hair may lose its elasticity, become thinner or even more precipitated. In order not to burden it additionally, women should not dye their hair during the menopause and also refrain from a perm. In addition, a therapy with estrogens can help - either as hair tonic or in tablet form.
Nevertheless, Holthausen advises a critical approach to hormone therapy: "An American study has shown that the therapy with hormone replacement drugs during menopause involves greater risks than previously thought, " says the doctor. According to the study, certain hormone preparations increase the risk of diseases such as breast cancer, stroke, heart attack or thrombosis. Dr. Susanne Holthausen recommends carefully balancing the risks and benefits of hormone therapy: "Ultimately, only a woman can decide for herself how much she is limiting her symptoms".
In any case, the TC expert advises against taking the hormones only preventively.