Water treatments have been around for millennia. They were already known to the Greeks as a cure. The Romans, too - the numerous surviving spas show this - regarded public baths as cultural components of their daily lives. They were places of rest and social gathering in the cities. Medically, the healing power of water in the so-called hydrotherapy (Greek hydros = water) is used. In the form of water, ice or steam, it is used to treat acute or chronic complaints, to stabilize body functions (hardening), to prevent, rehabilitate and regenerate. One uses above all the temperature stimulus.
Kneipp cure and Kneipp fonts
The most famous representative in modern times is certainly Sebastian Kneipp (1821-1897). He is the eponym of the water cure and founder of Kneipp medicine. From Kneipp one knows above all the Wassertreten. The patients wade in the stork passage in a pelvis with about knee-high cold water. By the way: This Kneipp method is also suitable for the domestic bathtub.
In the well-known Kneipschen Güssen a water jet is directed with little pressure on the body or partial regions of the patient. Both forms have a stimulating effect on the circulation and stimulate circulation and, with regular use, strengthen the body's defenses.
The same purpose is served by changing showers, in which alternating between warm and cold water and abrasions, in which the corresponding body part is "processed" with a damp cloth.
Wraps and compresses
The wrap is a simple home remedy that can often replace the family doctor or taking medications. It can remove heat (calf wrap to reduce fever), perform (eg wet-warm compresses in abdominal cramps, neck and chest wrap in respiratory diseases), cool (eg cold compresses in sprains) or by a strong cold stimulation re-warming and thereby stimulate increased blood flow.
In the form of saunas, steam therapy serves a variety of purposes. Because "controlled sweating" is a medical all-rounder. With regular performance it serves the body as a cure for colds, it relaxes the muscles, lowers the blood pressure, stimulates circulation and breathing.
In addition, it also plays a major role for the emotional wellbeing, because you can relax in the sauna wonderful. And by the way, sauna has a cosmetic benefit as well. Because the action of warm vapors cleanses the body and provides effective vascular training for a well-supplied, fresh skin.
Very well known is the facial steam bath under a towel, which is mainly used for colds or to care for the skin (eg in case of skin blemishes).
Baths can be used as partial and full baths medically, but also cosmetically. Depending on the desired effect, they can achieve different effects as cold, warm, heat-exchanging or rising in temperature baths.
- The cold bracelet, for example, is often referred to as the "cup of coffee of the Kneippian" because it has a tremendously stimulating and refreshing effect on the circulation.
- The replacement foot bath is suitable for falling asleep before sleeping or stimulating the circulation in the morning. In addition, by bath additives nurturing, stimulating or calming effects may be added.
- Steam bath against swelling of the sinuses: Pour boiling water into a bowl, add 5 drops of eucalyptus oil and 2 drops of peppermint oil. Inhale with a towel over your head twice a day.
- Cold arm for circulation stimulation: The water should have a temperature of 12-18 degrees Celsius. The arms are exchanged until they feel cool (about 1 minute). Thereafter, the arm is not dried, but only stripped off the water. Especially good is the bathroom, if you then warm clothes and moves.
- Seaweed as detoxification bath and for the care of the skin: Grind 60 g Epsom salts, 110 g sea salt and 30 g dried seaweed to a fine powder. Put the powder with 125 g of sodium bicarbonate in a bathtub filled with warm water. Bath time: 20 min.
- Stimulating bath with rosemary: Rosemary stimulates the circulation, warms and helps with rheumatic complaints. Let 50g fresh or dried rosemary leaves in half a liter of water, then pour the broth into the bath water. Bath time 15 min. Caution: Not suitable for pregnant women!
- Apple cider vinegar builds up the acid mantle: Also helps with fatigue and nervousness. Just add half a liter of apple cider vinegar to the warm bath water. Bath time 10-20 min.