Errors in the care of wounds
Some home remedies persistently act as a cure, even though they have more disadvantages, are ineffective or even achieve the opposite:
- Alcohol on an open wound burns hard. Therefore, especially small children should not be treated with alcoholic disinfectants: The experience will be remembered and next time you will have great difficulty persuading the little ones to keep still. Ask at your pharmacy for painless disinfectants.
- Wounding powder: A bleeding wound should not be treated with wound powder. The fine granules are like innumerable, tiny foreign bodies, which disturb the wound healing sensitively.
- Honey: Although honey really has a mild disinfecting effect. However, it can also contain the spores of dangerous bacteria (clostridia), which multiply in the wound and whose toxins can be dangerous, especially to infants. Therefore: do not give to wounds!
- When dabbing wounds with plant stems or leaves, bacteria and other unwanted substances can get into the wound and trigger allergic reactions. However, grated leaves of daisy or ribwort help against insect bites.
- Flour does not belong to wounds or burns: it has no cooling or healing effect, but delays wound healing.
How does a wound heal?
In the event of bleeding, the injured vessel itself forms the first provisional wound closure: its wall contracts and narrows the hole. Then the platelets hurry up and clench to fill the gap. Through these activities, the coagulation factors floating in the blood are attracted and form a kind of glue, the fibrin, at the site of the event. This seals off the blood platelet plug and thus closes the hole in the vessel until the healing process re-establishes the structure of the vessel wall within a few days.
When are sutures sewn?
If the edges of the wound lie directly against each other, the body can connect them together (primary wound healing). If, on the other hand, a larger wound gap has to be bridged, the body first fills this gap with replacement tissue. Later a scar develops (secondary wound healing). Therefore, injuries in which the skin has been completely severed and in which the wound edges gape apart, sewn or stapled: The doctor brings the edges as close together as possible to keep the healing time as short as possible and scar formation low.