What are polyps, adenomas and carcinomas?

The intestine is a tubular channel that belongs to the digestive system and connects the stomach to the anus. It consists of three sections, the small intestine, the large intestine and the tail, the rectum. The small intestine of humans is about 4 to 5 meters long, the large intestine about 1.5 meters and the rectum 20 centimeters. Everyone knows how important the gut is, but many believe that it is healthy as long as it does not budge. He has developed in today's affluent society to the problem child, and many diseases would take with proper care and treatment easier.

Nobody talks about colon cancer ...

Various examination options for the intestine, such as the colonoscopy or the ultrasound, offer the doctor a good look into the digestive tube. Polyps, adenomas or carcinomas can be manifested in this way. But what exactly is meant by that? Polyp Initially benign, often fungal-looking mucosal proliferation commonly found in the colon. The polyp bulges into the intestinal lumen and can become malignant. Adenoma Also benign tumor of glandular tissue, which can also become malignant. Carcinoma Malignant tumor that can result from polyps and adenomas. Both polyps and adenomas are referred to as "benign tumors". Since 60 percent of those affected do not experience any discomfort in the presence of one or the other, they are often not recognized. Rarely, mucus secretions, diarrhea or bleeding occur. The danger that these develop into carcinoma, ie the malignant tumor, is high. Only timely detection and complete removal can reduce the risk of cancer.

Factors that promote the development of polyps

The incidence of polyps and also colon cancer is more frequently observed in western industrialized countries. Reasons can be:

  • Low intake of fruits and vegetables
  • Regular nicotine consumption
  • Regular alcohol consumption
  • Genetic predisposition

The incidence of colon cancer has doubled between the years 1960 and 1980! In Germany, 30, 000 people die each year from this form of cancer. This makes him the second most common cause of tumor-related death! Terrifying numbers, and - in the absence of provision - terrifying consequences!

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