This viral infection called mononucleosis, also known as kissing disease or glandular fever, mainly affects children and adolescents, usually leaving them with lifelong immunity. Mononucleosis, a predominantly benign disease, is caused by Epstein-Barr virus, which is transmitted by droplet infection or saliva (kissing, coughing). After infection with the virus, mononucleosis usually breaks out after an incubation period of 5 to 7 days. In some cases of mononucleosis, however, an incubation period of up to 7 weeks may occur.
What is Pfeiffer's glandular fever?
Due to the typical symptoms such as fever and swelling of the lymph nodes, the disease was called glandular fever by the German internist Emil Pfeiffer (1846-1921). Lymph node swelling in the cervical region is frequently observed in glandular fever, but in principle these can occur on the entire body. Other possible symptoms of mononucleosis include liver and spleen enlargement and tonsillitis. The severity of the severity as well as the duration of the disease is individually different. Normally the Pfeiffersche glandular fever runs without complications and permanent damage. Bed rest is strongly recommended for the patients. If the spleen is enlarged, physical strain can lead to splenic rupture. Because mononucleosis is a viral disease, it is not treated with antibiotics. Here even extreme caution is advised: After taking it can lead to dangerous complications. The treatment of mononucleosis is therefore usually limited to antipyretic measures.