Hyaluronic acid (INCI: hyaluronic acid, sodium hyaluronate) is a very important component of connective tissue. It has the ability to bind very large amounts of water relative to its mass (up to six liters of water per gram).
When hyaluronic acid is missing in the skin ...
Hyaluronic acid containing tissue is very pressure resistant. A well-known example is the nucleus pulposus, the gelatinous nucleus of the discs, which contains hyaluronic acid and can thus carry large parts of the body weight. The hyaluronic acid is also the main component of the synovial fluid and acts as a lubricant in all joint movements. In addition, hyaluronic acid occurs, for example, in the dermis and thus also ensures the firmness of the skin.
With age, there is a significant decrease in the hyaluronic acid content of the skin. This, together with the collagen degradation that is now also beginning, leads to the loss of the filling material between the skin cells. The dermis loses volume and shrinks. The result: wrinkles arise.
All-rounder hyaluronic acid with immediate and long-term effect
The sodium salt of hyaluronic acid is used in cosmetics as an active ingredient in skin care products and works here mainly because of its very effective moisture storage. Because of the strong effect, even very low dosages of about 0.1 percent are sufficient to achieve an immediate smoothing effect. Other ingredients are said to stimulate the skin's own hyaluronic acid production, which can also lead to a wrinkle replenishing effect.
Hyaluronic acid preparations are also used for wrinkle injections or lip spraying (enlargement). For this one usually uses a tough gel of long-chain molecules, which is degraded very slowly by the body. New tests show that hyaluronic acid injections not only produce immediate effects, but also stimulate collagen synthesis.