Old crops such as emmer, einkorn and spelled are becoming increasingly popular in organic cooking and organic farming. "The desire for unadulterated food and biodiversity has increased the demand for ancient cereals in recent years, especially Emmer, which is closely related to durum wheat, plays an important role in this change in consciousness, " says agricultural engineer Peter Jantsch, who has been involved since 1992 scientific research on Einkorn and Emmer.
Already 10, 000 years ago, Emmer was cultivated in the Middle East and served humans as a staple food. "Growing wealth changed over time the dietary habits of porridge and flatbread to finer baked goods, which were easier to make with the bread wheat.Because of its baking properties, but also because of the low harvest yield, the cultivation decreased more and more, until the Emmer beginning of the 20th century finally disappeared completely from the fields, "says Jantsch.
Renaissance of a cereal
It is only since the 1990s that the ancient crop has experienced a renaissance and is being re-cultivated to a limited extent, above all in southern Germany and in Switzerland. Emmer, which is available as summer and winter cereals, is characterized by a nutty to savory taste and is suitable for the production of beer, bread, wholemeal biscuits and pasta.
Also from a nutritional point of view, the urine has a lot to offer. "Emmer is a very mineral-rich cereal, which has a slightly higher iron and magnesium value and a significantly higher zinc content compared to conventional wheat, " says the agricultural engineer.
Not only in terms of healthy nutrition, the grain has potential, so the expert. In order to preserve biodiversity and find alternative crops that are prepared for climate change, the black emmer, a variety with black spelled, will become more important in the future. Because the dark blue plant dyes (anthocyanins) protected the grain particularly well against UV rays. So far, only health food stores and health food stores occasionally offer Emmer and einkorn.