The gingivitis (gingiva = lat., The gums) is a gingivitis. It is caused by metabolites of bacteria called plaque. This irritates the gums, which react with bleeding gums, swelling and redness. Gingivitis is a widespread phenomenon affecting almost all adults. In 10-15% of cases, gingivitis over time progresses to periodontitis. Here not only the gums, but the entire periodontium affected by the inflammation.
If a periodontitis is not treated by a dentist, it can lead to tooth loss in the worst case. But there is hope, because gingivitis is reversible not only in the early stages, but also in later, chronic stages.
The most important therapeutic measure for the treatment is the removal of the plaque. This can be achieved by a professional dental cleaning at the dentist, which is complemented by regular home plaque removal. Of course, this includes regular brushing and the use of suitable toothbrushing techniques. In addition, there are aids such as dental floss or interdental brushes and possibly mouth rinses with amine fluoride and tin fluoride. Both have an antibacterial effect.