Hüftschnupfen, medical "Coxitis Fugax" called, is a sudden, non-bacterial inflammation of the hip joint, which affects children in particular. The painful inflammation is caused by an articular effusion, ie an accumulation of fluid in the joint space. A hip fever usually disappears after one to two weeks and leaves no lasting damage. Thus, he is painful, but usually harmless.
Hip cold in children
The exact cause of Hüftschnupfens is not yet clearly known. However, in most cases, it is preceded by a viral disease, such as a flu infection or tonsillitis. This relationship could also explain the unusual name of the disease.
Hip cold is one of the most common joint diseases in childhood and typically occurs in children between the ages of three and ten years. Boys are affected up to four times more frequently than girls. Adults can also get hip rhinitis, but this is extremely rare. Why children are affected in particular has not yet been clarified.
Symptoms and duration of hip replacement
The typical symptom of hip replacement is hip pain. Most of the pain occurs unilaterally, only in rare cases, both hip joints are affected. The pain starts suddenly in the groin and can radiate from there into the front thigh area or up to the knee.
In contrast, fever is not a symptom of hip flu, which could rather point to a bacterial arthritis. Such inflammation should be treated promptly by a doctor.
The duration of hip whipping is usually limited to 5 to 14 days. The inflammation usually occurs only once, only in rare cases, a child suffers several times in life.
Diagnosis of hip dripping
Although a hip flu is not dangerous, but the complaints should be taken seriously. A medical diagnosis and further observation are important in order to rule out at an early stage that hides behind the "benign" hip flu a serious joint disease. Because in rare cases, diseases such as Morbus Perthes, Lyme disease or a bacterial coxitis behind the complaints.
Ultrasound examination (sonography) can be used to ensure that the inflammation is actually a hip fluke. By ultrasound, namely, the fluid accumulation in the joint space of the hip joint can be displayed.
In addition, X-ray, blood test and temperature measurement are important measures to be able to diagnose other causes of hip pain, if necessary.
Treatment: Protection is the best medicine
As a rule, targeted therapy is not required to combat Hüftschnupfens. The inflammation heals on its own within a few days and leaves no lasting damage.
In any case, the affected hip joint must be relieved and spared. For this purpose, it is advisable to keep bed rest for a few days and to relieve the joint while walking through walking aids. However, children can only safely use crutches when they are around five to six years old. For severe pain, pain relieving or anti-inflammatory medications can also be prescribed.