As well as baptism, confirmation, and marriage, the last rites is a sacrament of the Roman Catholic Church. The last rites, which were to be given to the seriously ill until the end of 1973, were as follows: A priest anointed the patient's eyes, ears, nose, mouth, hands and feet, saying, "Through this holy anointing and through his Gentleness mercy forgive the Lord, what you have sinned through seeing, hearing, speaking, smelling, touching and doing. Amen. " This early Christian ritual can be traced to the New Testament. Even in ancient times, the anointing was seen as a means of healing. In the arena wrestlers rubbed themselves before the fight with oil in order to smoothly evade the grips of the opponent. Oil also helped to heal the wounds faster.
"Last Oiling" was replaced by the "Anointing of the Sick."
Nowadays the "Last Oiling" is called "sickness of the sick". The priest anoints only the forehead (for the soul) and the palms (for the body) and speaks the prayer. Used for this is a blessed by the Bishop Anointing oil, mostly olive oil. The Anointing of the Sick may receive Catholics or members of a Christian church who are seriously ill.
Anointing the sick is not a sacrament of death
Many (miss) understand the Last Oiling or Anointing of the Sick exclusively as a sacrament of death, because at the very last minute, often too late, the priest was called to the mortal. The prayer and the anointing, however, should, in the original sense, save the sick from death and make them healthy. The Bible says that Jesus healed many sick people. He was therefore also called "Heilland". Ointments is called in Hebrew "Mashiah" and in the German vernacular "Messiah". The Greek name for anointing is "Chriein", from which "Christ" (the Anointed One) was derived.