What is the premenstrual syndrome?

Woman's fate? Menstruation every month! Children get! And now that: PMS. Month after month the rule before the rule, painful, swollen breasts (mastodynia), irritable moodiness, general fatigue and much more. Often still smiled at by men and dismissed by some doctors as "Anstellerei". Is premenstrual syndrome really or not? About 20 to 30 percent of all women suffer from premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, month after month. This means that they suffer from agonizing, stressful physical and mental complaints, on the "days before the days". The nature and severity of the complaints can be very different.

The term

The word "premenstrual" comes from the Latin and means that the symptoms occur regularly at certain times of the female menstrual cycle, namely on the days before (= pre) the onset of the menstrual period (= menstruation).


The symptoms can start one to two weeks before menstruation and become worse until the onset of the menstrual period. On the first or second day of menstruation, the symptoms resolve again. PMS is still often dismissed as a pseudo-disease. Often, people who dismiss the affected women as well-meaning, little resilient or even as a "quitter", not informed about the events and backgrounds. Unfortunately, in many medical "guides" the complaints of the PMS are presented as a normal announcement of the female cycle, which are more severe for some than others. Then, fatally, it often happens that the accompanying mental symptoms are overrated and, in turn, the actual organic causes are neglected. Thus affected women are quickly "put in a corner". This does not make it any easier for them to deal with the complaints and to oppose them.

The syndrome today

After all, today the premenstrual syndrome is clearly defined and recognized as a disease. Five percent of all fertile women are affected by such serious medical conditions that they need medical treatment. Fertil means "fertile" and is meant to state that only women who are on a menstrual cycle can be affected. The disease occurs predominantly in the 3rd and 4th decade of life.

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