With the time of the desire to have a child, a balanced and healthy diet is very important. Because the nutritional status of the mother contributes to optimal development and health of the child. While the energy requirement during pregnancy increases only slightly, the need for some vitamins and minerals increases significantly. Important nutrients are then in particular: folic acid, iodine and iron.
Numerous studies consistently show that daily supplementation of folic acid before and after conception can reduce the incidence of miscarriage and open-back neural tube malformations. Because the closure of the neural tube (precursor of the central nervous system) takes place already between the 22nd and the 28th day of pregnancy. At this point, women often do not know about their pregnancy. Therefore, all women who wish to have children are advised to take folic acid supplements at least four weeks before conception and during pregnancy in addition to a healthy and balanced diet.
The child eats with the beginning of pregnancy. Because it is completely supplied via the umbilical cord. The energy requirement of the expectant mother increases only slightly, about 260 kcal a day. This corresponds eg to a slice of wholegrain bread with a slice of low-fat cheese. On the other hand, the need for some vitamins and minerals is increasing. Especially important nutrients are: folic acid, iodine and iron. Thus, the need for iron increases twice as much during pregnancy. Consequently, pregnant women should not eat for two, but pay attention to a conscious and balanced diet. This includes: vegetables, salad, cereal products, fruits and fish and meat in moderation.
As in pregnancy, a balanced and healthy diet is essential for both mother and child. The energy requirement is significantly higher than during pregnancy. The additional energy requirement is then about 655 kcal per day. As in pregnancy are particularly important: folic acid, iodine and iron. Only if the mother is sufficiently supplied with all the important nutrients, the child is well cared for. A useful prevention to cover the increased need for nutrients in pregnancy and lactation is the daily intake of a dietary supplement such. B.
Milupa NeoVin. These are vitamins and minerals that are tailored to the needs of pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Folic acid, iodine and iron at the time of childbearing, in pregnancy and lactation
Folic acid and other B vitamins are needed by the child so that the spinal cord and brain can develop normally. More than 1, 600 children are born in Germany with an open back, the neural tube defect. Numerous international studies have shown that the risk of a neural tube defect can be reduced by regularly taking folic acid as a nutritional supplement before and during pregnancy. The German Nutrition Society recommends a total intake of 600μg of folic acid per day for children, pregnancy and lactation, or a supplementation of 400μg of folic acid per day via dietary supplements.
Iodine is a building block of thyroid hormones that play a key role in controlling all metabolic processes. The thyroid provides growth and healthy development of the child's internal organs, nervous system, circulatory organs and musculature. If the iodine is missing during pregnancy and lactation, the child may develop an iodine deficiency. Despite iodine-rich foods, it is not always possible to meet the additional increased demand. Therefore, experts recommend an additional intake of 200 μg iodine per day.
Iron is important for the transport of oxygen in the blood and for the muscles. The iron requirement increases with pregnancy by 100%. The increased need for iron is due to the increased maternal blood volume, the needs of the unborn child and the placenta (mother cake). Iron deficiency in pregnancy leads to a deficiency of the child with oxygen and can lead to premature birth or miscarriage. But even after birth and during lactation there is an increased need for iron for the mother, because the blood loss during childbirth must be compensated.