Discoloration, gaps or broken corners are the enemy of every beautiful smile. Not only can they have secondary effects such as plaque or inflammation from a medical point of view, they are also not an attractive sight. In the past, when the dentist solved such problems exclusively with crowns, there are now new materials and techniques that are much better suited for less damage. With aesthetic corrections and increasingly also with medically necessary treatments, ceramic veneering shells - the so-called "veneers" - are used today.
What are veneers?
With the terms crowns, bridges and fillings, about 80 percent of the population can do something. This is the result of an 2003 Emnid study commissioned by the proDente initiative. In contrast, three out of four responded to "bleaching" and "veneers". Just 25 percent knew what to do with the word "veneer".
Why this method of restorative restorative dentistry and aesthetic dental care is so little known explains Dr. med. M. Oliver Ahlers, Privatdozent and Senior Physician at the Center for Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf: "Already in the mid-fifties people started to deal with this topic, but only at the beginning of the 90s are different methods how the use of veneers gets to practical maturity. "
"Art on the tooth"
The translation from English could help. Because "veneer" means as much as "cover up" or "cover up". Art on the tooth could also be called the filigree work, which is created with wafer-thin ceramic or optionally also plastic bowls. Just 0.5 millimeters measure the almost transparent veneers, which are glued to the surface of the teeth. The restorative-functional options range from tooth restoration, removal of signs of wear, gaps and discoloration to the treatment of incorrect contact of the Zahnkauflächen.
Pleasant method with a strong effect
If you decide to use veneers with the modern treatment technique, you have killed two birds with one stone: The treatment of the affected tooth is considerably less complicated than when preparing for a crown. To stick ceramic veneers, only a thin layer of about 0.5 mm from the enamel is removed.
The advantage: No unnecessary loss of tooth substance. In addition, the material made of wafer-thin ceramic can be perfectly adapted to the color of the tooth and its surface structure. The hardness and abrasion resistance of the ceramic come very close to the properties of the natural tooth. Even years later, such veneers are still stable, color-fast and resistant to abrasion. With appropriate dental care deposits of plaque and gingivitis are prevented.
Quality, biocompatibility and professional custom work
The ceramic fulfills one of the most important criteria in modern dentistry: it is by far the most biocompatible titanium besides titanium. The use of valuable biocompatible material guarantees the highest quality. Such a veneer is always made in a dental laboratory. The very precise customization of making and applying the ceramic veneers is time consuming and not exactly cheap.
Renouncement of veneers with tooth decay and teeth grinding
With a very thin enamel layer, particularly strong discolorations, bad oral hygiene or extreme "teeth grinding", the use of veneers is not indicated. Even for deciduous teeth or teeth with high caries activity, veneers are not suitable - although the shells are very tightly glued, strong caries still means too high a risk for the success of the treatment. In these cases, doctor and patient should discuss alternative options to achieve the best individual result.