Minerals are vital trace elements that come from the inanimate part of nature and are absorbed by food. They are important for the metabolism and the structure of body substances. Minerals or even minerals come predominantly from the "inanimate" (inorganic) part of nature - exceptions are phosphorus and sulfur. Nevertheless, they are indispensable for our life, indispensable for the functional and structural maintenance of our organism.
Minerals for the metabolism
Basic elements of metabolism consist of minerals and are important for the transport and processing of oxygen. Minerals are also responsible for the water balance and the transmission of stimuli in nerves and muscles. Even a healthy bone substance would be unthinkable without the adequate supply of these substances. Minerals are not taken up in metallic form but as salts (eg sodium chloride = common salt), which are then split in the body into their ions, the positively and negatively charged particles (sodium +, chloride).
The body is unable to produce minerals itself. Nevertheless, deficiencies in most minerals are exceptional, as they occur in almost all foods (including beverages). In addition, the human organism has numerous regulatory mechanisms to compensate for a reduced intake. For this reason, many elements are barely showing any signs of deficiency, even in the case of revenues below the recommended daily allowance. However, more attention must be paid to the intake of certain minerals such as iodine, iron and calcium - especially when there is an increased need, for example during pregnancy, menstruation or hormonal changes (menopause). The specified daily requirement of quantity and trace elements is therefore relative.
Minerals as medicines
If high doses of minerals are absorbed through the mouth, it is hardly dangerous for healthy people. The body has methods of excreting excess or not even absorbing it. This does not apply if minerals are taken in conjunction with other substances (vitamins, medicines). Also, the use of minerals as a drug (magnesium, calcium) must be strictly controlled.
Mineral supplements with mineral deficiency
Those who eat consciously and versatile do not need a separate intake of minerals. Nevertheless, there is nothing wrong with the - controlled - intake of mineral supplements. In critical situations (menopause, pregnancy and lactation, heavy menstrual bleeding) supplements are even recommended. Not only for prevention, but also for symptomatic complaints, minerals can help quickly, efficiently and relatively safely (magnesium in calf cramps). In any case, talk to your doctor (eg mineral deficiency).