Men die about seven years earlier than women. This is a worldwide phenomenon that applies to developed countries as well as third world and emerging economies. Even in Japan, where overall life expectancy is higher, men die five to eight years earlier than women. It is true that, according to a study by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, life expectancy in industrialized countries will continue to rise by two to three years per decade. But the difference in life expectancy between men and women remains.
Risk behavior and living conditions
The reason for this lies mainly in the riskier health behavior of men. In addition to a lack of awareness of the links between cardiovascular disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and high blood lipid levels on the one hand and diet, exercise, smoking, drinking and other addictive behaviors on the other hand, it is also the higher risk taking in the road, in sports and in the social behavior.
Men are more likely and more violent than women. In general, however, only the violence of men against women is perceived: in fact, more than two-thirds of men's violence is directed against men. Risk-taking and the propensity to violence are, according to researchers, not genetic, but the result of education and socialization.
Well protected under the hood
Married men live healthier lives - at least statistically. If one analyzes the cause of death statistics, one finds that the marriage evidently creates a shelter in which the partners can support the health-promoting behavior and mobilize assistance and support in an emergency.
The same effect is assumed for people in stable partnerships, however, the collection of the marital status "married" is much easier than the recording of the status "stable partnership". After that, the mortality rates of nonmarried people are 1.5 to 2.5 times higher than those of married couples. This difference is significantly greater in men than in women. In terms of health, men benefit more from marriage than women.
The rationale behind this phenomenon is also plausible: Women are traditionally responsible for family health issues and encourage their male (spouse) partners to take medical appointments and follow health recommendations. The health-promoting effect of marriage also appears to have a cumulative effect: the longer the marriage lasts, the greater the health protection.