How can you protect yourself from a superinfection?
Whether bronchi, foot, skin, liver or entire body - a superinfection always means: longer duration of illness and delayed healing process and thus a greater risk to your health and the use of more and stronger therapeutic measures. To prevent a delayed bronchitis, you should strengthen your immune system:
- Drink a lot, preferably more than two liters a day.
- Sleep well and so recharge your batteries.
- Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables - this is how you eat healthy vitamins and minerals.
- Try to avoid the consumption of sweets, alcohol and smoking during a cold - these are all factors that make the immune system even more strenuous.
- In addition, you will receive various products in the pharmacy to strengthen your body's defenses.
Well care for wounds
For skin injuries to a diabetic foot or atopic dermatitis, good wound care is the alpha and omega to prevent bacterial superinfection:
- Discuss wound and skin care with your doctor and see how you can, for example, bathe the wounds daily or bandage them with fresh bandages. In the case of a delayed healing process, have a swab removed from the wound early to rule out a superinfection.
In order to counteract a viral superinfection in hepatitis or HIV, it is important to know the transmission pathways of hepatitis D and HI viruses:
- Hepatitis D and HI viruses are transmitted through bodily fluids; in addition to blood, sperm and vaginal secretions are also infectious - avoid contact with virally-bearing body fluids: Unprotected sexual contact and the sharing of injecting devices among drug addicts are still the biggest risk factors for one Infection with hepatitis B, D or HIV.
- While there is no HIV vaccine yet, you can have yourself vaccinated against hepatitis B - the vaccine then provides protection against hepatitis D.
How is a superinfection treated?
In the case of an aborted bronchitis, the recommendations on how to prevent a superinfection are followed by strict therapeutic measures: drinking a lot, keeping warm, resting, vitamin-rich, light food and an antibiotic - this will help your immune system cope with the double disease, In addition, herbal supplements can support the healing process:
- In colds, teas from elderberry, jujube, sage, blackthorn, soapwort or star anise have proven particularly useful. On the one hand, you take fluid, on the other hand, the active ingredients are expectorant, sweat-inducing and anti-inflammatory and even stimulate the immune system. You will find ready-mixed teas in a well-stocked pharmacy or drugstore.
- Also, rubs and inhalations with essential oils of eucalyptus, fennel, anise, peppermint or thyme moisturize the mucous membrane, are soothing and help with coughing up.
Antibiotic treatment and wound care
Since a superinfection is a serious threat to the diabetic foot, care is taken not only for antibiotic treatment, but also for careful wound care, which is usually carried out in the hospital. If bacteria or fungi can be found in a smear test in the case of a neurodermitic skin change, they are treated with antibiotics or antifungal agents. In addition, the main focus here is on intensive skincare with baths, an individual cream and ointment treatment and everything that is good for neurodermitic skin.
The hepatitis and especially the HIV therapy depend on the severity of the disease. Hepatitis B can heal within six months even without the use of antivirals, but up to 10 percent of illnesses become chronic. Then an antiviral treatment is indicated because the disease otherwise leads to cirrhosis, ie the loss of functional liver tissue.
A grafted hepatitis D accelerates this course, so that an intensified antiviral therapy is needed. HIV therapy is focused on how much HIV affects the immune system. A superinfection with two types of HIV also means an intensification of the therapy here.