In Germany crèche places are in short supply. But there is another solution that also allows for more personalized care: the childminder. "Very quickly it was clear that I would not get a crèche place for my 15-month-old son, which fits my working hours", so the statement of a mother. "I was looking for a childminder who takes care of my son four times a week from 8 am to 5 pm." Originally intended as a stopgap, this model quickly turned out to be a stroke of luck: "My son grew up for 4 years with another boy who was like a brother to him, " explains the convinced mother.
How does this type of care work?
Childminders, officially sexually neutral as "day care workers" or "day parents", are self-employed persons who can look after up to 5 children in their own household. Since 2005 they need a nursing permit from the youth welfare office. The youth welfare office also checks the qualification of the day parents and their domestic situation.
In addition, training events and a regular exchange between the parents concerned are frequently offered. Parents who are looking for a care facility for their child should therefore contact the relevant youth welfare office at an early stage.
The payment of the childminder depends on the daily care time. It fluctuates between 130 euros for one to two hours a day and 450 euros for eight hours a month. There are also pension and accident insurance. Depending on the federal state, the parents, the municipalities or the day parents themselves pay for these amounts. Ultimately, the payment is also a matter of negotiation. Not all day parents are officially registered. Here, the parents have to regulate rules on time, pay, vacation and insurance alone.
In any case, an employment contract or at least a fee agreement should be concluded. Corresponding model contracts are given to parents at the Tagesmütter Bundesverband.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Very familial care.
- Manageable group with a fixed caregiver.
- Flexible hours - tailored to the working hours.
- Combination with kindergartens, day-care centers or schools possible.
- It must be found an individual solution in case of illness.
- Few educational quality standards.
- In case of problems, a higher level intermediary is missing.
- Short-term notice of one month.