Stuttering - When the words get stuck

One percent of adults in Germany stutters. These 800, 000 stutterers are under tremendous psychological pressure, they are insecure and often isolated. Children are particularly stuttering - but this is not always a cause for concern. Aristotle, Winston Churchill, Marilyn Monroe, "Mr. Bean" Rowan Atkinson, Bruce Willis and Dieter Thomas Heck are prominent examples of how stuttering can be handled. However, the experts do not talk about healing, because patients seldom manage to talk completely stutter-free.

Stuttering is loss of control

Stuttering is the loss of control of the vocal tract, not a mental disorder. There are three different types of stuttering: the clonic stuttering, which repeats individual letters during speech, the tonic stuttering, which breaks the flow of speech, virtually blocks it, and a hybrid of clonic and tonic stuttering. When stuttering, the body tenses, the facial muscles cramp, the breathing becomes irregular, the patient blushes and sweats. Many stutterers are masters at avoiding words and situations, leading to great mental stress at work and in their free time. If negative reactions of fellow human beings are added, ridicule or even rejection, then all too often the isolation follows.

Stuttering in childhood - do not overreact

Stuttering begins at an early age, namely between two and five years of childhood, when the child develops very fast linguistically, physically, mentally and emotionally. Around five percent of all children stutter. But even until puberty stuttering loses in most young people - only one percent of children really stutters and needs treatment. Incidentally, boys are affected four times more frequently than girls. "Parents should not overreact if their children, at the age of three to five, stop talking while speaking, " explains Professor Schade, an expert in voice, speech, speech, swallowing and hearing impairment at the University of Bonn.

If one goes too far into the childish stammering, interrupts, corrects or even admonishes, the problem worsens. Since most children naturally like talking, they are made aware of their problem by such objections. This is how they first develop fear of speaking. When children do not speak fluently about 50 out of every 1, 000 words, there is no cause for alarm because an excited or agile child often repeats a few words in the eagerness of the narrative or builds several "ers".

However, if syllables or letters ("sho-scho-scho-kolade", "ppp-ause") are repeated or prolonged for months ("Huuuu-nd"), parents should seek expert advice. The reason why some children start to stutter is unknown. However, it is now known that a predisposition to stuttering can be inherited, as stuttering people are approximately three times more likely to have family members who stutter than relatives without these symptoms.

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