Exercise as a prevention against fractures and osteoporosis
In back pain and chronic degenerative diseases of the musculoskeletal system (for example, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis) sports activity plays an important role. As a result, physically inactive persons increasingly lose bone mass with increasing age, which leads to an increased risk of bone fractures when falling. In contrast, strength and flexibility training can help prevent the breakdown of bone mass.
Physical activity increases the mineral content of the bones, reducing the risk of osteoporosis and the associated risk of fractures. Physically active people are less likely to fall due to falls due to their increased ability to coordinate and fitness - even in old age.
Sport receives functions of the musculoskeletal system
Exercise training can also help to maintain or improve the functions of the active and passive musculoskeletal system, which, among other things, prevents spinal diseases and thus makes it easier to cope with everyday demands. Depending on the training design and starting situation, a power gain of 9 to 227 percent is possible.
In addition, several studies have shown that moderate sports produce protective effects against arthritis and may even have a positive effect on people who already have arthritis. The protective effect is the higher the earlier sport is started. Therefore, strength and flexibility should be adequately promoted as early as infancy.
But even in old age, significant gains in the performance of the active and passive musculoskeletal system can be achieved - so it is never too late to start!