Both the body and the soul can benefit from regular sports. This motto should also be applied to a life with multiple sclerosis, MS for short. Special sports activities can produce positive therapeutic effects in MS. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the nervous system, it is considered an autoimmune disease.
Depending on the stage of multiple sclerosis as well as the current episode, the daily routine of a MS patient can lead to restrictions in his movements. Sport can not only reduce the risk of possible depression, but also positively support important bodily functions in specific exercises.
Sport as a plus in multiple sclerosis
In general, sport can bring a variety of health benefits:
- Anyone who is on the move regularly gets his cardiovascular system going.
- Sport can lower cholesterol.
- Sport can positively affect the risk of developing osteoporosis or arteriosclerosis.
- The immune system can also benefit from exercise and exercise.
- Anyone with MS can supplement physiotherapy by practicing certain sports.
It is advisable to consult with the doctor or physiotherapist prior to exercise in order to achieve the best possible therapeutic effects.
Many gymnastics clubs offer special sports groups for people with multiple sclerosis. German Disabled Sports also has offers for MS patients in its program. If you do not want to join a special sports group, you should inform the trainer about the MS disease before starting the training, so that he can integrate suitable exercises.
Choice of sport in multiple sclerosis
Several factors are crucial to the choice of sport in MS. First, the physical condition plays a major role as well as the symptoms of the disease MS. On the other hand, of course, individual skills and personal inclinations to certain sports are crucial.
Ideal are the types of sports that can positively affect possible MS symptoms. Often - depending on the stage of multiple sclerosis - there are problems in the movement sequences, which is known in the jargon as ataxia. Fatigue, the so-called fatigue syndrome, can also occur in MS. By a MS thrust can also paresis, paralysis, hit different body parts. Through various exercises in sports, the symptoms of MS can be specifically addressed and possibly preventative act.
Sports and multiple sclerosis
It may also be possible to alleviate some MS symptoms through exercise. In general, in sports with MS that sport should under no circumstances lead to an over-exertion. In order to avoid overstraining, it makes sense to start the chosen sport with short training phases and gradually increase it. It can also be helpful to take short breaks depending on your physical condition.
Since temperature regulation is often impaired in MS patients, it is especially important when exercising with MS that it is not performed in overheated rooms or under extreme heat outdoors. In addition, it is advisable to take enough fluids during and after exercise. Sports that have already proven successful in patients with MS include swimming, tai chi, Nordic walking or yoga.
Swimming with MS
- For many patients with MS, swimming is ideal, as weightlessness in the water even allows gymnastic exercises, which may be restricted outside the water due to the disease MS.
- Swimming can promote endurance as well as coordination, so positive effects on ataxia and fatigue are possible.
- By the movements in swimming it may be possible to minimize an existing spasticity. However, when swimming, it should be noted that in severe spasticity, the risk of muscle hypertension may even be increased by the buoyancy of the water. Therefore, sport in water in MS should first be clarified with a doctor or physiotherapist.
Yoga with MS
- Typical yoga movements and stretching exercises can lead to improvements in spasticity.
- Breathing exercises in yoga cause a holistic relaxation in the body.
- Strengthening and coordination can lead to disorders in the movement processes being trained.
Nordic Walking with MS
- Ideal for the cardiovascular system is Nordic Walking.
- Nordic Walking is used to train endurance, strengthen the arms, leg and coordination.
- Depending on the MS stage, Nordic Walking can positively influence ataxia, spasticity and paralysis.
Tai Chi with MS
- Tai Chi scores with slow and deliberate exercises.
- Tai Chi supports coordination and trains balance.
- Movements can also promote the minimization of spasticity while standing.