Our feet carry us through the world, in all weather and often forced into tight, oppressive footwear. Therefore, it is no wonder that they can get sick in many different ways. So it often comes to foot problems such as warts on the bale, foot pain while running or athlete's foot. What you can do with various foot complaints, read here.
Causes of foot sweat
Foot sweat is annoying and often embarrassing because of the cheesy smell. Especially in summer, some people tend more than others to sweaty feet. That may be predisposition, but even the wrong footwear is a possible cause.
Selection of shoes and socks
Especially when the temperatures are rising, one should pay attention to his feet on breathable, breathable shoes. Sandals, flip-flops or sneakers of high quality ensure a fresh breeze at any time - foot perspiration can thus evaporate immediately. The foot-friendly material is real leather, plastic is particularly sweaty.
In winter, the Schuhauswahl is naturally somewhat limited. Here the right shoe soles can help. Leather or cedar products have done particularly well in product tests. For the summer scented insoles, which mask the smell of sweat, are the perfect choice.
You should also pay attention to breathable socks. Fine cotton socks are better than synthetic socks. In addition, changing the socks several times a day helps to maintain a permanently fresh feeling. After wearing, socks must be washed at 60 ° C to kill bacteria.
Foot sweat - what to do?
Foot sweat is naturally odorless. Only when the sweat comes into contact with our skin bacteria, develops the typical cheesy smell. Therefore, spraying the shoe with disinfectant can curb bacterial growth in the closed shoe. The same effect is offered by alcoholic shoe deodorants.
Another "first responder" in foot sweat is foot powder. It absorbs the moisture and improves comfort in warm temperatures and reduces the smell of cheese.
Finally, it is helpful against foot sweats to wear several pairs of shoes alternately. In the meantime, you can put the carried pair to air in front of the door and additionally stuff with newspaper to speed up the drying.
Has developed foot sweat despite all measures, an aromatic foot bath is refreshing. Important: After the bath dry the feet including the toe spaces properly.
7 tips for foot sweat
- Make the right shoe choice: open shoes or breathable sneakers.
- In winter, it helps to wear leather soles or cedar soles.
- Wear cotton socks, change several times a day if necessary.
- Use alcoholic shoe deodorant or scented pads.
- Spray shoes once a week with disinfectant.
- Wear several pairs of shoes alternately, allow them to dry and ventilate in the meantime.
- Foot baths with aromatic additives are refreshing.
Burning, itchy feet and a scaling of the feet are typical signs of athlete's foot. The warm, slightly moist environment of the toe gaps creates the ideal breeding ground for athlete's foot. The infection takes place via direct contact, for example when barefoot running in the swimming pool or the public sauna.
However, in order for an infection to occur, the fungus must overcome the natural protective coat of the skin. Small wounds thus favor the infection. Even immunocompromised people have an increased risk of getting athlete's foot.
If the athlete's foot is spreading, toenails and the sole of the foot can also be affected. For the treatment of athlete's foot fungicidal preparations (antimycotics) are used. For mild infections, topical application in the form of creams, ointments and powders is sufficient, in severe infections, the use of antifungal tablets may be necessary.
7 tips against athlete's foot
- Avoid walking barefoot in public areas and put on slippers.
- At the first sign of an athlete's foot infection, consult a dermatologist.
- Regular, thorough foot care prevents foot-and-mouth infections.
- Avoid wounds: Comfortable footwear and professional foot care help to prevent pathogens from entering.
- Provide a dry, "anti-fungus" foot environment: Wear dry socks and breathable footwear.
- In the case of an athlete's foot, regular changing of used towels and socks as well as washing of the textiles at 60 ° C.
- Antifungals are medications in the form of ointments or tablets that kill the fungus.
Bubble on the foot
A common situation: After a nice hike you take off your heavy boots and notice a bruise on the heel. The next day a big bubble has formed - what is to be done now?
Once the bubble is there you should puncture it. As a result, the secretions contained therein drain and the conditions for a new formation of skin cells are created. For puncturing the bladder, a suture needle or a sterile cannula from the pharmacy, which has been disinfected by heat or alcohol, is recommended.
Subsequently, the site must be protected for optimal wound healing. Blister plasters are particularly well suited to prevent further friction. At night, however, the patch should be peeled off, as air also aids the healing of blisters. Smaller bubbles can be left, they often form on their own.
Bubbles can be prevented by suitable, pressure-free footwear. If there is already a pressure point, a blister patch can prevent further friction.
5 tips on bubbles
- Wear comfortable, frictionless and pressure-free footwear.
- Shoes shrink before longer distances.
- At incipient pressure points use blister plaster.
- Pierce existing large blisters with disinfected needle, leave smaller bubbles.
- Minimize friction with patches and allow air to escape at night.
False or insufficient foot care, nail injuries or too tight footwear can lead to an ingrown toenail (lat. Unguis incarnatus). An innate wide nail shape may also favor the ingrowth of a toenail.
The lateral edge of the nail slides under the skin into the nail bed and there is an increased proliferation of the nail fold (the skin fold on the side of the nail). Already this stage is very painful. Most often, the big toe (big toe) is affected.
In the course of an inflammation can form - the toe is red, thick and warm, possibly emptying pus. In severe cases, and especially in immunocompromised people, the inflammation may spread to the trunk and even cause blood poisoning.
Therefore, ingrown toenails should be treated early by a professional pedicure or - in severe cases - by a doctor.
Treatment of an ingrown toenail
To treat an ingrown toenail, there are a number of conventional options available:
- Anti-inflammatory foot baths make the cuticles supple and counteract bacterial infection.
- Special taping techniques try to increase the space between nail and nail bed.
- Nail correction braces are designed to give the nail a new shape.
These techniques are mainly used for chronic forms and may be required for up to 14 months.
If these measures are not sufficient or there is an inflammation on the toenail, often only a surgical intervention is needed. Depending on the findings, the nail is cut out wedge-shaped (Emmert plastic) or just the nail edge removed.
4 tips against ingrown toenails
- To prevent the toenails, do not cut oval but cut straight and not shorter than the side nail bed.
- When cutting the nails make sure not to injure the cuticle.
- Especially in case of a sugar metabolism disorder (diabetes mellitus) or circulatory disorders of the feet (PAD) fall back on a professional foot care.
- In severe cases, the doctor must treat the ingrown toenail surgically.
Plantar warts are only found on the feet and are one of the most common warts of this part of the body. They are not easy to recognize because they can take different forms. Typical is their sharp distinction against the healthy skin and a pronounced central cornification. They grow inwards and thus close with the skin level. The inwardly growing horn cone causes pain when it appears.
The causes of plantar warts are human papillomaviruses (HPV). The infection is via direct contact with Hornschuppen, for example in the swimming pool or public saunas.
Treatment of plantar warts
As a therapy for Dornwarzen various preparations for local application are available, none of which promises a safe success. The active ingredient salicylic acid should lead to the detachment of the outer horny layers and thus expose the wart. Acid etchants destroy the wart tissue as well as the surrounding healthy skin. Cell toxins (cytostatics) also kill both warts and healthy tissue.
In addition, there are various physical methods of treating warts, such as:
- Scraping (curettage)
- surgical cutting
- Photodynamic therapy
As a home remedy with questionable effectiveness garlic, celandine or onion extract are described.
4 tips for plantar warts
- If you suspect a plantar wart, you should consult a doctor.
- For treatment, there are various local preparations that are supposed to cause the death of the wart.
- In addition, various physical measures are available.
- Barefoot walking in public places should be avoided to prevent infection.
If you implement these everyday tips, foot complaints should be a thing of the past