Nothing does the broken soul as well as a concentrated load of sun. The connection between sunlight and well-being was already known to the ancient Greeks and Romans. There they tried to cure epilepsy, jaundice or asthma with sunlight. The current view is somewhat different: Although sunlight is used therapeutically in medicine, at the same time it is considered extremely harmful to the skin.
Sunlight against winter depression
Many people suffer from so-called winter depression between October and March. They feel tired and limp, have cravings and increase accordingly and are often deeply sad. In the Scandinavian countries, the suicide rate increases significantly during this time.
Sunlight controls various processes in the body, it serves as a timer, among other things. The light passes through the eye and electrical impulses to the skin to the brain. Here, the "light-dark" information is used to distribute certain chemical messengers. These include melatonin, which promotes sleep, and the "good-mood makers" serotonin and norepinephrine. It seems to make sense to get the sun out of the solarium.
Sun from the socket is dangerous
The UV radiation contained in sunlight is dangerous. A sure indication of this is the rapid increase in skin cancers. The number of new cases was almost four times higher in the late 1990s than in 1970. In Germany, around 100, 000 people suffer from skin cancer each year - and the trend is rising.
Although each skin tolerates a limited amount of UV rays, regardless of whether they are natural or artificial. In solariums but mainly UVA rays are used. Although they provide a slight tan, but at the same time contribute to skin aging and promote the development of skin cancer.
In addition, the visit of a solarium is not suitable for the preparation of the holiday, because the tan by UVA rays does not protect against sunburn by UVB rays. Dermatologists and scientists, but also the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), reject the sun at the push of a button now completely off.
Medical light therapy
Of the clear warnings of the artificial sun are light therapies that are used for example in some skin diseases such as psoriasis (psoriasis) or eczema expressly excluded. Here, the type and amount of radiation are controlled by the doctor.
This limited recommendation is backed by the knowledge that sunlight causes skin cancer. The latest findings can also be feared that the previous concept of skin cancer screening with sunscreen is no longer tenable. Conversely, this may even mean that sun exposure to sunscreen increases skin cancer risk.
People with winter depression have other means at their disposal. In addition to a medically supervised light therapy with devices that are free from UVA, -B and -C radiation, it can help even more light in the home or at work. Curtain-free rooms with many and bright lamps can fight the mood. A lot of exercise and fresh air do the rest.
Check the solarium!
Anyone who does not want to give up the visit to the solarium should take a closer look at his tanning salon. With the Solarium-Check, which the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Dermatologische Prävention eV has published together with the Federal Office for Radiation Protection, it is easy to test point by point. If a point on the list can not be checked then the solarium should definitely not be used.
The solarium check:
The tanning salon is a supervised tanning salon (no coin machines!) Has pointed out the health damage and gave me information about the effect of UV radiation
- will not let anyone under the age of 18 or with skin type 1 on the sunbed
- Asked if I took medication and advised that I should go to the tanning bed without makeup and without perfume
- has determined my skin type
- I was wondering how long my last visit to the solarium was
- has calculated my Anfangsbesonnungszeit
- has inquired about possible sunburns and skin diseases
- gave me (unsolicited) goggles
The tanning device
- is marked with the note "Caution! UV radiation can cause damage to eyes and skin.
- according to the note on the solarium belongs to the device type II or III
- is provided with information on the maximum initial irradiation and maximum maximum irradiation
- turns off automatically after the maximum exposure time