Discomfort, signs or symptoms of scoliosis are caused by the typical scoliosis anatomical changes of the spine, but usually occur creeping until some time after the visible changes. Scoliosis can affect various parts of the spine.
Different sections of the spine are affected
The distinction of the following forms after major curvature is particularly important for scoliosis therapy:
- Thoracic scoliosis = thorax curvature (scoliosis in the area of the thoracic spine = thoracic spine)
- Lumbar scoliosis = lumbar curvature (scoliosis in the area of the lumbar spine = lumbar spine)
- Thoracolumbar scoliosis = thorax-lumbar curvature (scoliosis at the transitional area between thoracic and lumbar spine)
- Double S scoliosis (double curvatures, similar to an "S")
Sometimes scoliosis is also associated with a pathological posterior curvature of the spine (kyphosis), usually the thoracic spine - this is called kyphoscoliosis.
Scoliosis: symptoms and complaints
Scoliosis onset and minor bends rarely cause pain.
The twisting and bending of the spine in advanced scoliosis increasingly restricts mobility. The fact that the ribs can no longer move smoothly, the breathing may be impaired.
Distinct scolioses increasingly deform the rib cage, causing the heart and lungs to contract and therefore function worse. If the scoliosis in the lumbar region (lumbar spine), and abdominal organs may be affected. Scoliosis causes pain, especially back pain, as well as neck and headaches. Since the spine forms a dynamic system with other elements of the skeletal system, its bending also stresses other joints, which can lead to premature arthrosis.
Overall, performance is reduced and quality of life is often compromised. In addition, there is the psychological stress due to the aesthetic effects of the disfigurement of the trunk.
Coming soon: symptoms of advanced scoliosis
- limited mobility
- impaired breathing
- deformed ribcage
- Pain, especially in the back area
- reduced efficiency
- Strain on other joints