Accidents are the number one health risk for children in Germany. The majority of accidents among children under the age of 6 are in the home - where parents and children feel safest. Reasons enough for parents to inform themselves sufficiently about dangers and avoidance strategies. Every year in Germany almost 1.7 million children under the age of 15 injure themselves in an accident so much that they need medical care. Around 200, 000 children are admitted to the hospital every year for an accident, of which nearly 40 percent are children under the age of five. And: Accidents are the leading cause of death in children - in Germany, more children die from accidents than infectious diseases and cancer together. This makes accidents one of the highest health risks for children.
causes of accidents
53% of accidents at home affect children under 6 years of age. Accidents at home, especially for infants and toddlers, are the greatest danger: they fall from the changing table or down the stairs, scald themselves with hot liquids or - especially dramatically - drown in the bathtub or garden pond. Preschool children are injured at home, in their free time, but also in kindergarten and on the road. In the case of fatal accidents, traffic accidents are at the forefront after the first year of life. Younger children are especially affected as passengers in the car. From school age, they are in danger as pedestrians or cyclists.
Young parents are often unaware of the risks of accidents. Physical abilities of children are not properly assessed, sources of danger for the little ones are not recognized. Many parents are not aware that children can drown in the first two years of life already in the smallest puddles, because they can not lift their head on their own.
- Especially for infants and toddlers parents and carers carry a very special responsibility. In addition to careful supervision, a safe and child-friendly apartment as well as the right "first aid" in case of an accident are necessary.
- Later, conscious and age-appropriate safety education and physical activity promotion are further important measures to avoid child accidents.
Due to the increased sensitivity for sources of accidents many child accidents can be avoided: It is estimated that at least 60 percent of all child accidents can be avoided by simple safety measures!
Safety tips in infancy
- Do not drink hot drinks while breastfeeding
- When wrapping, always hold one hand on the child
- Pay attention to a healthy sleeping environment
- Bear in mind the dangers of pets
- In the car, carry the child strapped into the seat in the back seat against the direction of travel
Safety tips in the crawling age
- Put away small swallowable objects
- Secure sockets
- Do not let any cables or cords hang down
- Put away medicines, cigarettes, alcohol
- Close away the cleaning agent
- Not without supervision in the bathtub
Safety tips in the learning age
- Secure stairs through stair gate
- Anchor shelves and cabinets
- Secure the stove or use the rear cooking plates
- Put away electrical appliances
- Install the window latch
- Do not use baby walkers
Safety tips in toddlerhood
- Secure bunk beds
- Remove poisonous plants
- Cover pond, brook, rain barrel
- Always wear a helmet on your bike
- Install smoke detector
Encouraging movement helps prevent accidents
Varied movement experiences promote the child's safety. Therefore, parents should support motor development through exercise, gymnastics, nature or playground activities. So the child learns to keep the balance, to refine his coordination, to train strength and endurance and to react appropriately to risks - in short: the risks of accidents are reduced by movement training.