Dizziness - What is behind it?

On the ship, in the elevator or driving a car - everyone knows the feeling of being out of balance. Because for the body it is not so easy to keep balance. This requires a complex interaction between the two equilibrium organs in the inner ear and the other sense organs.
Three fluid-filled semicircular canals in the equilibrium organs determine the rotational movements of the head. At the same time, there are small crystals of carbonate crystals, the so-called Otholites, which accelerate the body. Orientation in the room is further assisted by a system of depth perception that registers the tension and relaxation of the body through feelers on the joints, muscles and tendons. The wealth of information is routed to the brain and processed to provide a stable picture of the environment.

Causes of dizziness

If the communication in this system is disturbed, the world gets out of balance. When reading in the car, for example, the eyes are fixed on the motionless writing, while the balance organ and the depth perception register the accelerations. Similar discrepancies occur when traveling by ship, in the elevator or when looking from a great height. Usually the symptoms disappear soon.

But for many people, the world is always staggering even without apparent cause. According to the German Society of Neurology Vertigo, the medical term for dizziness, after headache the second most common disease symptom of the Germans. 17 to 39 percent of the population complain about dizziness problems. The complaints range from mild gait uncertainties to massive vertigo attacks with nausea and vomiting. Although the symptoms can be scary, serious neurological disorders are rarely the cause of dizziness. More often underlying disorders of the organ of equilibrium, but also circulatory problems, diseases of the cervical spine or visual disturbances.

Frequently, the dizziness is also mental. Every second to third sufferer suffers from the so-called psychogenic dizziness, in which no organic causes are found. Here it is often fears or depressions that unbalance patients. Even medications can cause dizziness. The note is usually in the leaflet. If you have a complaint, you should also contact the doctor. For almost all medications, there are alternative preparations that the patient can take.


Usually, the doctor can already clarify the causes of dizziness based on the description of the patient. Therefore, it is important that the patient describes the nature of his dizziness and the situations in which the symptoms occur as accurately as possible to the doctor. Once the causes have been found, the dizziness can be treated specifically.

Special positioning exercises, which the doctor supports with the patient, help, for example, when the crystals in the organ of equilibrium have changed their position. In some cases, the doctor recommends balance training or the underlying condition is treated, for example, low blood pressure. If there are circulatory problems, it is worthwhile in some cases a treatment trial with gingko special extracts.

Share with friends

Leave your comment