Diabetes is one of the quiet diseases. Those affected notice very late that they are ill. Gestational diabetes is even less noticeable - symptoms are barely noticeable. As with diabetes, the blood sugar level is too high for gestational diabetes.
Both for the mother and for the child then there is an increased risk to health. Where the danger for the child is even higher. Because the accumulation of glucose can greatly affect the development process of the fetus. The growing embryo responds to an elevated sugar level with uneven insulin secretion. This in turn leads to a developmental boost.
Gestational diabetes can lead to complications
The unborn child grows disproportionately fast and gains weight. The closer the date of birth approaches, the more difficult it becomes for mother and child, especially as the available space in the womb reaches its limits. Strangely enough, the unborn does not evolve too fast. The growth of the lungs, for example, is slowed down by the increased insulin secretion.
The maturity and development of the lungs are not sufficiently advanced immediately after birth, so the neonate often has to be ventilated. But even with the mother, gestational diabetes can cause complications. In pregnant women, urinary and renal pelvic inflammations often occur in this context. In addition, women often suffer from hypertension during gestational diabetes.
What to do in gestational diabetes? As a rule, it already helps to change the diet. Thus, the affected women should prefer a low-fat and fiber-rich diet. The daily diet should focus on more complex carbohydrates such as rice, pasta and potatoes. Of course, simple carbohydrates should be avoided as they cause insulin levels to skyrocket.
The eating habits should also take the disease into account. For example, women with gestational diabetes are advised to take several smaller meals throughout the day and avoid single large portions. Furthermore, it is important to keep an eye on blood glucose levels. Patients should measure their blood sugar regularly and at regular intervals.
The risk factors for gestational diabetes are many. In addition to being overweight and over 30 years of age, genetic predispositions can also play a role. Even your own birth weight could be trigger. The risk is a birth weight over 4000 grams. However, there are women who develop gestational diabetes without any risk factors. In Germany, two to twelve percent develop diabetes during pregnancy.