They do what we want: they lift themselves, they lower themselves, they stretch. And they carry us over 160, 000 km in the course of a lifetime. They are marvels of nature and ingenious all-rounders: our feet. With them we can run, walk, jump. They carry our bodies, help to hold and move them. Some of us make over 5 million steps every year - no, not marathon runners, but ordinary housewives.
We set records daily with our feet. But that has consequences: The feet itch, burn, swell. Most of us know too little about their feet and think too much about them. Standing and sitting for hours, walking on flat and hard ground, walking in too tight shoes. High-heeled and pointed shoes make the shoe sole a slide. The toes are squeezed, cornea and corns form, hammer toes and bales arise. The blood circulation gets worse, which leads to varicose veins.
Good shoes - bad shoes
We asked Dr. Ernst Altenpohl, President of the German Vein League eV and experienced vein specialist and surgeon: Are there actually shoes that do the feet and legs good? "Maybe we express it once negative: All shoes in which feet do not have a good grip, so do not support the foot, give him no opportunity to unroll and in which the ball area is too narrow, do the feet well and restrict also venous function and blood circulation. " Dr. Altenpohl: "If you wear evening shoes with heels, this is not a problem, but the veins permanently suffer damage, and so does the so-called pines.
But you should not forget a good posture for the stress effect. If you go crooked, your veins will be even more strained. "Shoes and stockings should never narrow or constrict your legs, because all tight constrictions in the area of the calves, ankles and feet lead to a build-up of blood in the veins Vessels into the tissue, causing venous edema.
High heels - bad hoes
- Flat footwear ensures that the foot can roll better, which in turn improves the function of the calf muscle pump. High-heeled shoes should therefore only be worn in exceptional cases. Because every paragraph is unnatural, is unhealthy. Standing in a straight, natural posture, the body weight is distributed to about 90 percent on the strong heel bone and 10 percent on bales and toes. At high heels, there is a shift of weight on the bale.
- High heels make every shoe a slide. The toes are squeezed into the tight tip and bent unnaturally upwards. The muscles contract and cramp. The important toe muscles are fixed in an extended position. The heel joint buckles laterally and stiffens at the same time against the natural diffraction. The pelvis tilts forward and forces the spine into the hollow back, no longer allows the head to carry freely. Possible consequences: Arthrosis in the foot, knee and hip joints.
- Even venous disorders, with few exceptions, have their cause in the buckling of the foot inwards. Since only a small amount of muscle activity is exercised in the foot, the inner leg muscles remain largely untrained while walking. The muscle pressure on the venous vein system precipitates, it comes to congestion. The veins are no longer relieved. This is the beginning of varicose veins.
Pay attention to a few points when buying a shoe
- Do not buy too tight little shoes. The toes should have enough room in each shoe forward.
- If possible, buy your shoes in the evenings, as the foot expands during the day.
- When buying shoes, look for breathable, natural materials. These ensure a pleasant foot climate. Only genuine leather breathes and ensures a healthy, pleasant foot climate.
- The footbed should allow a natural rolling movement while walking.
Joy of running ....
For most, it does not exist. Any walk, walk or run is too painful and difficult for them. And yet: exercise is the best therapy! For example, running. Running is possible at little expense at any time in almost every location. But: go slowly and carefully on the track. Tip for beginners: run for one to two minutes, then relax for two minutes, then run again. The body has to get used to the movement again. Increase the running time slowly. The motto: moderate but regular.
Do not neglect - feet do heavy work every day
A quarter of all our bones are feet - each foot is made up of 28 bones, 114 ligaments, and 20 muscles. The heel bones alone carry half of our weight, each ball of foot another quarter. Even an unsportsmanlike human being steps on his feet some ten million times in his life. Nevertheless, you will find in any fitness center, a device that would do something good especially the feet. Hardly anyone comes to deal with his feet. Only when they get hurt or ill, we pay attention to them.
Many sick feet
No wonder that nine out of ten Germans have sick feet. One in four also suffers from venous weakness in the legs with the risk of varicose veins, swollen and open legs. Many nerve pathways end at the soles of the feet. Therefore, he who cares for his feet does something for the whole organism. If you neglect your feet, you harm your whole body. Damaged feet not only hinder locomotion, they can also cause pain in the knees and back. The spine is loaded incorrectly, heart and circulation are affected. Sick feet can even cause a headache.
It is not that complicated to do anything good for your feet. Very important: walk barefoot as often as possible. Every step without shoes and stockings massages the sole, while the foot muscles are optimally supplied with blood. Anyone who has a tendency to varicose veins should go early to the venous specialists (phlebologists).