A cold is the most common disease for both baby and child. It is almost always caused by viruses, which spread rapidly as the cold season starts and the children spend more time indoors. For infants and toddlers, a cold is a serious illness and is therefore also called a cold.
The "little ones" especially burden a cold
Everyone knows how uncomfortable a stuffy nose is. However, children are particularly affected by a cold. Runny or stuffy nose, sneezing and disturbed sleep - especially infants and toddlers makes the cold pretty difficult.
The nasal cavities of babies are still very fine and tight. They clog quickly: respiratory infections are therefore not uncommon among babies. Another problem: Babies breathe almost exclusively through the nose, so a stuffy nose in the baby is a serious problem and can cause the little ones to refuse to drink and the general condition worsens significantly.
Decongestant nose drops
When a stuffy nose disturbs baby's sleep, parents quickly resort to decongestant nose drops. This can be useful and necessary because babies breathe practically only over the nose. Older children may be given such mucosal decongestant drops or a corresponding spray to ensure a calm night and a clear head during the day.
But: mucous decongestant cold remedies should be used by the little ones only after consultation with the doctor and never longer than three days, because it may cause damage to the nasal mucosa. Furthermore, it is important to know that the chemically decongestant substances risk side effects on the cardiovascular system of the child.
Gentle means to breathe again
A milder and often quite sufficient alternative on a natural basis for the nose of his Wonneproppens represent sprays or rinses with sea or salt water. Nose drops based on z. B. Natural Emser salt has been shown to be decongestant and free of preservatives. Due to the special mineral combination with a high content of bicarbonate tough mucus is quickly solved and baby's nose is free again.
Nasal drops containing this active ingredient can safely be used over a longer period of time or several times a year. They contain no harmful substances that pollute the nose and circulation.
What else is important?
Runny nose is actually a fairly harmless condition and will resolve within 10-14 days without any sequelae. Nevertheless, it is important to keep your nose clear during this time, as a seemingly innocuous common cold can quickly spread to other organ systems and have more serious consequences. In childhood, for example, one finds very often middle ear infections, which are causally caused by the cold and which can lead to hearing loss in bad cases. Even bronchitis with tormenting cough and shortness of breath are not uncommon among the little ones.
Therefore, in case of runny nose, clear nose and off to fresh air. Even with a cold - but not with fever - children dressed in warm clothes, for example, can spend half an hour outdoors several times a day. This promotes the body's defenses and maintains fitness. It is also important to drink enough, preferably warm herbal tea. However, if coughing, fever or other complications accompany a cold, parents should go to the doctor with their child.
Prevent the cold
If many children with not yet fully developed immune system come together in a confined space, cold viruses spread very quickly. This is why the frequency of colds is highest in kindergarten children and decreases with age. It is therefore a good advice for all parents as soon as their child is threatened with a cold or when it comes in the cold season, once a day to administer a gentle snuff remedy (see above) preventively. They moisturize the nasal mucosa during the heating season. And that's important, because the mucous membrane dries out, making cold viruses easier to penetrate.