If large or vital brain areas are affected, a stroke can be fatal. Also possible are severe impairment of voluntary movements (motor function), severe disorders of the function of the sense organs (for example, eyes, ears, organ of balance), a pronounced dysfunction of internal organs including the excretory organs. Bedtime increases the risk of thrombosis, embolism and pneumonia. Also the intellectual capacity can be limited. Especially after several strokes, this can lead to dementia.
Consequences of a stroke
Of course, after a stroke, it plays a crucial role in how well the damage regresses. Although complete cures are conceivable in individual cases, most major strokes must be expected to have more or less pronounced permanent impairment.
Since numerous individual factors play a major role in the further course of the disease, forecasts in individual cases are very difficult to make. In principle, however, acutely occurring functional failures, even in the case of large strokes, can partially recede over the course of several weeks or months. Of crucial importance here is the extent to which other, still intact areas of the brain can take over and functions of the defunct brain tissue can take over.
It is not uncommon for a stroke to be followed by another - most of the time triggering risk factors such as atherosclerosis persist. Conversely, however, a stroke can be prevented with all those measures that are also indicated to avoid other vascular diseases. These include above all:
- Weight regulation in overweight
- Diet and medication for high blood pressure, lipid metabolism disorder or diabetes
- nicotine abstinence
- Sufficient physical exercise
Due to this particular significance of hypertension for the development of strokes, an adequate adjustment of the blood pressure has the highest priority.