Stroke is still one of the leading causes of death. Even if it is not always fatal, it can lead to serious consequences for those affected. Often, the cause of such brain infarction is a sudden circulatory disorder, often as a result of arteriosclerosis that has developed over the years. In the following, you will learn about the symptoms of a stroke and how it is diagnosed and treated. In addition, we explain which risk factors favor the onset of a stroke and how you can prevent such a seizure.
Stroke: infarct out of the blue
Stroke is a very common disease in the western industrial nations - it is in second place worldwide, in Germany after heart disease and malignant tumors in third place of the causes of death. Stroke often leads to permanent disability or premature disability.
Every year around 200, 000 to 250, 000 Germans suffer a stroke for the first time or again, and about one million Germans live with their consequences. More than 50 percent of sufferers still suffer from restrictions in everyday life a year after the stroke. Men and women are affected about equally frequently. The probability of a stroke increases with age. At the first stroke women are around 75 years, men on average 70 years old.
Sudden dysfunctions of the central nervous system are caused by a lack of blood flow in the brain. Symptoms depend on affected regions of the brain - hemiplegia, gait, vision or speech disorders are common. Other common names for a stroke are "stroke" and - in technical terms - "Apoplexia cerebri", "apoplexy" or "cerebral insult".