Sleep Disorders: Causes and Treatment

Sleep is important for our physical and mental recovery. But sleeping properly is - as it seems - an art: For almost 8 million Germans, the nocturnal rest is a torment. Overall, physicians distinguish 88 forms of sleep disorders, with sleep disorders being the most common. Sleep is like a kind of "stand by function" of the television, in which breathing, circulation and metabolic functions are reduced. Physiologically, the average sleep duration decreases with age, but prolonged sleep deprivation endangers our health.

Stress or nocturnal urination

A distinction is made between insomnia, staying asleep, premature awakening on the one hand, excessive drowsiness, snoring, sleep apnea on the other hand, as well as recovery and nightmares. Stress and depression are the most common causes. At night, we reflect on the problems that may have accumulated during the day, possibly displaced.

But a disturbed sleep can also be an accompanying symptom of other diseases, eg. The respiratory tract or the heart. Increased blood pressure also often causes sleep disturbances. Nocturnal urinary frequency, as occurs, for example, with an enlarged prostate or itching as a result of skin diseases can also disturb the sleep. In sleep apnea it comes in conjunction with snoring to short pauses in breathing. At night, people with Restless Legs Syndrome (restless legs) constantly have to walk around.

According to a study in a sleep laboratory of the University of Göttingen, the causes are distributed as follows:

  • Mental causes (anxiety neurosis, depression): 36%
  • Stress, stress: 24%
  • Organic diseases: 24%
  • Noise, shift work etc .: 9%
  • Addiction, medicines, alcohol: 7%

Lack of sleep beats on mind and heart

Sleep disorders are not just the result of illnesses. If our sleep is disturbed for a long time, it may lead to poor performance, increased susceptibility to disease and depression, as well as gastrointestinal problems, cardiovascular diseases, neurosis, aggressiveness and anxiety disorders can be the result. The need for sleep varies from person to person and changes with age: while a newborn sleeps an average of 16 hours, a 60-year-old comes out with 7 hours. According to experts, the lower limit of sleep requirement is five hours per night.

Counting sheep brings little

Not only serious illnesses, everyday stress, irregular daily routine, such as irregular meals, excessive consumption of alcohol and nicotine, a lack of exercise, long business trips or irregular bedtime disrupt our biorhythms, which permanently causes disorders of the organ functions. The result: Increased release of stress hormones delays or prevents normal sleep and sleep.

Falling asleep helps the idea of ​​pleasant situations or places, eg. For example, in nature, better than the well-known "sheep counting, " scientists from St. Anne's College, Oxford University, it is even longer keep alive. The explanation: "counting sheep" only adds to the stress. It is important to forget everyday worries and to relax.

Sleep brothers from nature

The disadvantage of synthetic sleeping pills is often that they make you dependent and disrupt important deep sleep and dream phases. By contrast, natural sleep promoters such as Valerian do not pose an addictive threat.

  • Valerian has a calming to sleep promoting effect. Its ingredients only reduce an over-excitability in the nervous system, the z. B. by stress and everyday worries occurs. Calming dragees from valerian root dry extract or even the combination with hops have a calming and stress-relieving effect during the day and prepare for the process of falling asleep in the evening.
  • In cases of nervous exhaustion and depressive moods, the addition of St. John's Wort is helpful.
  • Often, sleepless nights are also caused by restless stomach complaints, which are alleviated by the calming and relaxing melissa.
  • In nervous restlessness, the passion flower is also used, often in tea blends with valerian and lemon balm.

Sleep and Nerventees are also available as cup-ready variants. Homeopathy understands sleep problems as a result of a disturbed mental balance. A general recommendation, however, is difficult, since homeopathic substances individually act very differently and require a long conversation with the doctor.

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