Hypothyroidism can have many faces. Decreased appetite, weight gain and listlessness are the harmless symptoms. Hypothyroidism can even lead to cardiac enlargement or arteriosclerosis in the worst cases.
The thyroid gland is an important hormone gland in the human body. Together with other endocrine glands it influences important metabolic processes in the organism. In the thyroid gland vital hormones are formed and then released into the bloodstream. This mechanism is based on a sensitive control loop. If this is disturbed, it can lead to complications.
As a rule, then the thyroid releases either too little or too many hormones. Hyperthyroidism predominantly occurs in women - in men, the disease is diagnosed very rarely. In thyroid hyperfunction, the thyroid gland makes too many hormones. The result is a pathological increase in metabolic processes.
Triggers for hypothyroidism
The two most common triggers are the immune response and autonomy. In the case of a faulty immune reaction, the body directs its antibodies against its own organs - including the thyroid gland. In autonomy, individual cells of the thyroid become isolated and are thereby incorrectly reprogrammed. This dysfunction usually leads to excessive secretion of thyroid hormones.
The opposite of hyperfunction is hypothyroidism. At the same time, many metabolic processes in the organism are too slow - the physical and mental performance of the affected person visibly decreases. Often, the psyche is so severely impaired that depression emerges. e
Thyroid hypofunction can be diagnosed by means of a laboratory medical examination. In many cases, an indication of hypothyroidism is the enlargement selbiger. In former times this was determined by a measurement of the neck circumference. Today, more modern examination methods are available to the internist. A simple blood test can already provide information about whether hypothyroidism is present.
The blood is taken from the person affected, which is later analyzed in a specialist laboratory. The hormone levels in the blood can finally provide information. However, it must also be differentiated - because many other variables can influence the hormone levels - even without a hypothyroidism is present. Medicines, but also other organ diseases, may falsify the results and lead to misdiagnosis.
It is always a good idea to use several methods of investigation and then bring all the results together. So far it is not possible for the medicine to fight the actual causes of hypothyroidism - one can only govern in this case. This usually happens through medications.
Synthetic hormones take over the functions of the body's own thyroid hormones. It is important to have an appropriate dosage, which must be optimally adapted.