The fact that smoking harms the lungs and the cardiovascular system and can also cause cancer is now well known thanks to health education and warnings on the cigarette packs. Only a few people know that the heavy use of tobacco also puts their teeth at risk.
Yellow teeth by smoking
The nicotine in the tobacco leaves a yellow or brown smoker's dentition on the teeth. The color pigments penetrate so deeply into tooth enamel and dentin that the discoloration can not be removed by thorough brushing. Many sufferers then accept treatments such as professional teeth cleaning or tooth whitening to regain their white smile.
However, anyone who does not refrain from smoking afterwards will have only a short time to enjoy their white teeth. Because of the nicotine in cigarettes, the teeth quickly darken again.
If some smokers need dental implants, they should inform themselves about zircon ceramic tooth sets. These are less prone to discoloration than other dentures.
Pain sensitive teeth by smoking
The discoloration of the external enamel is only a cosmetically visible detail in heavy smokers. Worrying is also an American long-term study of Boston University, after a root canal treatment in smokers statistically around 70 percent occur more frequently than non-smokers.
Smoking also has a highly destructive effect on the oral cavity. Smoking promotes periodontal inflammation (periodontitis) and can even cause oral cancer. Also, the wound healing process after orthodontic surgery progresses more slowly than in non-smokers in many cases.
Increased gingivitis in smokers
In the oral cavity, the cigarette smoke deposits on the teeth and tongue. The carcinogenic nicotine enters the bloodstream through the oral mucosa, causing the arteries to contract. Therefore, smoking is considered to be generally damaging to the circulation in the body. For the mouth and throat, this has significant consequences:
Since their gums are poorly supplied with blood, smokers are more susceptible to bacterial infections (periodontitis) in the oral cavity. In addition, because of the narrowed blood vessels, inflammation is often very difficult to recognize because the typical gum bleeding is absent. Periodontal disease is often treated late. This can lead to damage to the entire tooth holding apparatus.
Loss of teeth
As a result of periodontal disease, smokers are more likely to have loose teeth than non-smokers. In addition, smokers are considered particularly vulnerable to tooth decay.
If these irritations spread over the jawbone, this can mean the loss of individual teeth. In addition, there is a risk of bone loss within the jaw apparatus.
Especially heavy smokers often suffer from inflammation along the gum line around dental implants. If not treated in time, the artificial tooth root may loosen and must be removed.
Risk of cancer for oral cavity and throat
The risk of developing oral and pharyngeal cancer is many times greater when it comes to smoking. Tobacco use can cause malignant changes in the oral mucosa that develop into precursors of oral cancer. These are often characterized by white spots (leukoplakia) on the palate. In addition, smokers are at risk for throat cancer and oesophageal cancer.
This also applies to all other organs that come into direct contact with tobacco smoke when smoking. This mainly affects the lungs. Anyone who smokes a few cigarettes a week exposes themselves to the risk of lung cancer.
A smoking stop is worthwhile
Even those who have been hanging on the glowing stick for a long time have the chance to escape the danger of cancer. Already three to five years after smoking cessation, the risk of contracting oral cancer decreases significantly. After 20 years it is even considered as low as that of a non-smoker.
Also typical accompanying symptoms of smoking such as inflammation of the periodontal pockets, the degradation of the jawbone or disturbing halitosis diminish over time following a smoking cessation.