Acid-base balance - What happens in the body?

The human organism needs energy

The body's own cells can gain energy from the diet. This energy is necessary to run, talk, think, grow, regenerate, digest or quit. Ultimately, all organs and muscles need to be energized to work as they should. Energy arises in the cellular metabolism of the food we eat. In particular, fats, carbohydrates and proteins play a role here. The oxygen we breathe is also crucial in generating energy. If sufficient oxygen is available, 18 times more energy can be gained from the same amount of food than when there is no oxygen.

Metabolic end products are acidic

Metabolic end products are substances that can no longer be used by the body and therefore have to be excreted via the intestine, the kidneys (urine), the skin or the lungs. You can consider them as metabolic wastes. Many of these waste products are sour. They must be neutralized on the way to the excretory organ so that they do not cause any damage to our body. If cells have to provide a lot of energy without sufficient oxygen being available, especially many acids are produced. We feel it in pain and muscle cramps - especially in the context of heavy physical effort. To avoid this, training sessions in the aerobic area are recommended in sports studios (aerobic means that the cells get enough oxygen).

Basic minerals neutralize acids

Vitamins and minerals can not be produced by the body itself, but must be taken with the food. Minerals are present in all tissues and cells and are needed there for a variety of metabolic processes. Basic mineral salts play an important role in the neutralization of acids. Especially large amounts of minerals are in the bones. Calcium z. B. accounts for 2% of our body weight, 99% of which are in the bones.

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