Already in ancient times, the aromatic fragrant rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) was used in the Mediterranean area. He was dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite and symbolized love and beauty. The name of the rosemary is derived from the Latin "ros marinus" and means "dew of the sea". By Charlemagne, this herb came to Germany in the Middle Ages and found there fast entry into the herbal books of the monasteries. Rosemary was once cradled in the cradle or used as a grave decoration, as a bridal bouquet he is still known in Upper Bavaria today.
Rosemary in your own garden
The appearing from March to May rosemary flowers, which are quirling at the end of the provided with the evergreen needle-like leaves shoots are separated in the upper and lower lip and show the typical structure for the plant family of mint family.
Rosemary prefers warm, sunny locations in the garden and is a beautiful bee pasture at flowering time. Unfortunately, only a few rosemary varieties are hardy, which is why you usually have to keep this subshrub in buckets, so you can overwinter it in cool and bright conditions in the house.
Active ingredients and healing properties of rosemary
Normally, the Rosemary leaves are used for the medicine cabinet, but also the flowers are curative. Ingredients are mainly the essential oils and fragrances such as camphor, verbanol, eugenol, limonene, cineole, borneol, terpinol and thymol. But also resins, tannins, flavonoids, bitter substances, vegetable acids and saponin are contained in rosemary.
Rosemary has an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant and fungicidal effect. The fact that rosemary is one of the few herbs that can boost blood pressure is known to few. In particular, the "old-age heart" is supported by strengthening the cardiovascular system. This herb also has a balancing effect on the nervous system, so it is also used with nervous heart complaints and arrhythmia and headache with success.
Rosemary can also:
- help in the absence of period bleeding, fatigue and menstrual cramps
- Cure upper abdominal colic and
- Relieve rheumatism and gout.
Application of rosemary
The leaves are best collected shortly before flowering. They must be gently dried to preserve the valuable essential oils. To make tea, pour a heaped teaspoon of rosemary leaves in ¼ liter of hot water and allow to steep for 15 minutes. In general exhaustion, you should drink a cup of rosemary tea in the morning and at noon. But beware, pregnant women should avoid rosemary tea!
Rosemary oil is obtained by steam distillation and is available in pharmacies. However, this oil should only be used externally and diluted, otherwise it may cause irritation. Rosemary baths should not be done in the evening, as rosemary has an invigorating effect and can disturb your sleep.
Rosemary as a kitchen herb
In the kitchen, the fresh shoot tips of rosemary can be used all year round, because it is an important spice of the Mediterranean cuisine, which, however, should be used sparingly. Rosemary goes very well with meat, cheese, potatoes, lettuce and vegetables. Fried fish, pancakes and pizza can also be seasoned with rosemary.