Red and swollen, the face looks, pustules cover the skin, red and blue veins cover large parts of the skin surface. Rosacea, a chronic and inflammatory skin disorder of the face, is not curable. Dreaded complications are eye inflammation. But there are various cosmetic and therapeutic options for the treatment of acne rosacea that lead to a significant improvement.
Rosacea: cause unclear
Rosacea (Rose Blossom) is the flattering name for a skin condition that can actually disfigure those affected in the advanced stage, often isolated and can lead to depression. Men and women over the age of 40 are almost always affected; fair-skinned red-haired types seem to be particularly vulnerable-though scientists still can not find the cause.
It is thought that both a labile nervous system and microorganisms such as the hair mite and liver diseases favor the disease. In addition almost exclusively men get growths at the sebaceous glands in the nasal area, the so-called "Knollennase" (Rhinophym). The disease can be hereditary, but it is not contagious.
Phases of rosacea
Rosacea begins inconspicuously with skin redness. In particular, they occur under the following circumstances:
- emotional stress
- spicy food
The fine branched and superficial blood vessels are visibly and permanently extended - it is said that the skin "blooms". This mild form of the disease is called "couperose".
In the second stage, bumps, pustules and puffiness occur. These can ignite in the next stage and are partially purulent. The skin is swollen, red and large pores and can get blackheads: the similarities with the acne sometimes leads to misdiagnosis.
The complications of rosacea include ophthalmia. About one fifth of the affected patients get dry eyes, conjunctivitis, sometimes corneal and iris inflammation.
Treatment of Acne Rosacea
Under no circumstances should sufferers try self-medication with cortisone. Doctors prescribe an antibiotic such as erythromycin and metronidazole when purulent nodules and pustules cover the face. Vitamin D acid is also used by some dermatologists, but women who are pregnant or can still have children should not use this remedy because it can be damaging to the fetus. If the eyes are affected, patients may need to take the antibiotics.
The red and blue veins can be well deserted. With the help of a laser, the broken capillaries are sullied in up to five sessions - but the health insurances do not pay. In the case of the bulbous nose, the overgrown tissue is also ablated with a laser until a normal nose shape is achieved.