How can I protect myself from ticks?
When staying in areas with ticks, it is best to wear clothes that do not give the ticks access to bare skin. That means: long shirt and long pants.
Since ticks crawl on clothing for a long time and look for a suitable "stitch point", it is recommended to examine the skin again at home, if there is still a tick sitting somewhere. Pay special attention to areas with thin skin, for example under the armpits, in the back of the knees or in the pubic area.
Do ticks fall from the trees?
The widespread belief is that ticks fall from trees to people. However, this is not true: ticks do not fall from trees, but wait in the grass, in the undergrowth and in the bushes for humans or animals, who strip off the ticks in passing. In addition to forest workers and forest officials, all hikers, campers and recreational athletes are at risk, as 90 percent of TBE infections are transmitted during recreational activities.
How are ticks removed properly?
TBE viruses can be transmitted immediately after the sting. Lyme disease pathogens are thought to be transmitted after prolonged suction. For this reason, it is so important that ticks are removed as soon as possible. Carefully remove the tick with a fine pair of tweezers.
Important is the right technique:
- Place the tick card or tweezers close to the skin to make sure the head of the tick is removed. If the head of the tick gets stuck, the skin can catch fire.
- Gently pry or push the tick out to the back. Be careful not to squeeze or twist the tick. Otherwise you risk the head of the tick tearing off and getting stuck in the wound.
- If necessary, use a magnifying glass to make sure that the removed tick is complete and that no parts of the tick are stuck in the skin. Discover any remains of the tick in the wound, consult a doctor to remove the remains.
- Clean the bite with alcohol or disinfectant to prevent inflammation.
Blowing oil or nail polish or squeezing the tick will do more harm than good. The reason: with the saliva, which then releases the tick reinforced, often more pathogens are released into the wound.