Adequate hydration is especially important during pregnancy, as the expectant mother not only needs to supply her unborn baby with fluids, but also has an increased need for her own. But it is not just the amount of drink that counts: some drinks should be avoided during pregnancy, while others can contribute to nutrient supply.
The blood volume of a pregnant woman increases during pregnancy by up to two liters, so that the child's circulation and the placenta (mother cake) can be adequately supplied with blood. In addition, the amniotic fluid amount of up to two liters contributes to the increased fluid content in the body. To prevent dehydration, you should therefore take special care during pregnancy, the recommended minimum recommended drinking amount of at least 1.5 liters per day. Ideally, pregnant women drink two to three liters of fluid every day.
Pregnancy: healthy drinks
Choosing the right drinks complements a healthy diet during pregnancy. To balance the mineral balance, you should pay attention to the following ingredients with mineral water:
- Sodium: Low-sodium mineral water (less than 20 milligrams of sodium per liter) should be given preference for high blood pressure and high blood pressure (pre-eclampsia). In addition, it prevents the formation of water retention (edema), as sodium binds water in the body.
- Irons: Pregnant women have an increased need of iron because of the increased amount of blood, so you should choose mineral water without the label "enteisent" if possible.
- Calcium: Calcium is important for bone formation and development of the unborn baby's teeth, so mineral water should contain at least 200 milligrams of calcium per liter.
- Magnesium: A magnesium deficiency can lead to muscle cramps and increases the risk of premature labor and miscarriage. A magnesium-rich mineral water helps to cover the daily requirement of 300-400 milligrams per day.
Whether you prefer still or carbonated water is a matter of taste, however, sparkling water can increase the heartburn that is common in pregnancy. Other suitable thirst quenchers are fruit and herbal teas as well as diluted fruit and vegetable juices.
Better to abstain: unsuitable drinks
Alcoholic beverages should be taboo because there is no safe limit to safe alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Since alcohol is a cytotoxin and passes through the placenta to the child, even the consumption of small amounts can lead to severe mental and physical developmental disorders in the embryo.
Caffeine also reaches the unborn child through the placenta and leads to a reduced birth weight of the child in high quantities. In addition, caffeine inhibits the absorption of iron from the diet and can thus promote iron deficiency. Pregnant women are therefore advised to drink no more than two to three cups of coffee per day. In addition, cola, black tea, cocoa and dark chocolate should be enjoyed only in moderation.
Be careful with soft drinks
Energy drinks should be avoided altogether because of the additionally containing stimulating substances such as taurine and guarana, as their safety could not yet be proven. Be careful, too, with bitter soft drinks such as Tonic Water and Bitter Lemon: These contain quinine, which has a bite-inducing effect and can trigger withdrawal-like symptoms in the newborn, such as nervous trembling.