The irritable bowel syndrome (irritable bowel syndrome, obsolete: irritable bowel syndrome, colic mucosa, columnar neurosis, nervous bowel, spastic colon, unstable colon) is the most common cause of gastrointestinal complaints. About half of all patients with digestive problems are affected. This condition, caused by many factors, is characterized by constipation alternating with diarrhea, pain and pressure in the abdominal region and bloating and bloating.
Irritable bowel syndrome: causes
For the chronic intestinal disorder, no organic basis can be demonstrated. These are so-called functional complaints. However, the absence of detectable defects or malformations does not alter the need for treatment. Psychological stress factors such as anxiety or stress often play a significant role in the development of the disease.
Constitutional conditions can be the foundation for suffering. In this way, those people who consciously or unconsciously project daily strains and exertions on the digestive organs are particularly affected. Nevertheless, one should not be led astray by the erroneous assumption that intestinal problems are exclusively psychological. Current research shows that the intestinal muscles of affected individuals respond more strongly to stimuli than normal. These stimuli can be triggered by hard stools, air in the intestines, as well as chocolate, dairy products, alcohol or medicines.
An increase in irritable bowel symptoms in women during menstruation also suggests a hormonal component. In addition, a reduced tolerability of certain foods may be the cause of the complaints.
Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Of this very common disease (up to 20 percent of the population), women are twice as likely to be affected as men. Characteristic for the irritable bowel syndrome is a change in the frequency of bowel movements and different stool consistency (constipation alternating with diarrhea). Accompanied stinging, spasmodic and burning pain in the lower abdomen and below the costal arch combined with a constant feeling of pressure in appearance.
In some patients, the stomach is also negatively noticeable due to bloating and pain below the breastbone. After defecation, it often comes to alleviate the symptoms. In the lower part of the large intestine often occurs increased accumulation of air, which manifests itself in the form of bloating, flatulence and loud intestinal noises. The stool may look "sheepish", with low mucus levels also being observed.
By no means compatible with the irritable bowel syndrome are blood in the stool and weight loss! In this case, you must search for an organic cause.