Irritable bowel syndrome: diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome

The diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is made by the doctor in detailed conversation with the patient and with thorough examination. Of great importance is the exclusion of other diseases (colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), which can lead to similar symptoms. For this purpose, a Dickarmspiegelung is performed.

Special detection methods

Thanks to special detection methods (Haemoccult test) even small, invisible amounts of blood in the stool can be detected. At the discretion of the physician is also the implementation of a contrast agent representation of the intestine by means of X-ray image. With the help of blood tests (blood count, signs of inflammation) further causes can be excluded.

If after the exclusion of all other possible diseases of the condition irritable bowel fixed, can be achieved in many cases by targeted measures a significant improvement in symptoms.

Complications of irritable bowel

Irritable bowel syndrome can be so disabling that sufferers are no longer able to work and retire from their social life. The sex life can also suffer from the constant flatulence and stool irregularities.

Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

A short-term way of thinking does not lead to the solution of the cause. Only a constant adjustment of the lifestyle leads to the goal in the long run. Therefore, a successful therapy requires a high degree of cooperation of the affected person. The drugs available today relieve the symptoms only for a short time and should, if at all, be used only on short notice and only in consultation with the doctor. New drugs for the treatment of irritable bowel are being researched.

A permanent change in eating habits can in some cases lead to success by recognizing and omitting incompatible foods and by increasing the consumption of dietary fiber. Ideally, a nutritionist should be consulted.

The targeted use of herbal remedies such as myrrh and turmeric, mint oil, artichokes, psyllium and cumin fennel anise tea can often help. Special fasting clinics accompany irritable bowel patients efficiently and professionally with a personalized fasting cure. Also Kneipp therapies (for example, body wrap, hay flower sack, cumin pads) often have a healing effect.

Another important starting point is psychological counseling and care. Often the insight into the safety of the disorder helps to alleviate the pain. Alternative stress management options (respiratory therapy, yoga, autogenic training) can restore the balance between body and mind.

Prevent irritable bowel syndrome

For prevention, the signals of the digestive tract should receive more attention. This includes avoiding poorly tolerated foods and reducing the consumption of carbonated drinks. A varied diet with plenty of fiber and regular bowel movements are additional points that should be considered.

The integration of relaxation exercises into everyday life counteracts the accumulation of stress factors. Adequate exercise (walking, jogging) also relieves tensions and relaxes the mind and intestines.

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