The most important general measure in the treatment of an irritable bowel and thus also to prevent the symptoms is the change of diet. We recommend a healthy, well-balanced diet with lots of fiber and plenty of fluids. It is also important to enjoy the food regularly and in peace and to avoid hyperventilating, high-fat, very hot, spicy or cold diet.
If incompatibilities are known, these should be taken into account. At best, coffee and alcohol should be consumed in moderation. Some sufferers benefit from a regular probiotic diet (for example, certain yoghurts). Probiotic supplements to balance the intestinal flora are also available in the pharmacy.
Irritable bowel: exercise as a supportive measure
In addition to a high-fiber diet with plenty of fluids, regular exercise is also important. This activates the intestinal activity and counteracts constipation, bloating, diarrhea, flatulence and abdominal pain.
Relaxation as part of the treatment
There are causes or symptoms of increasing factors such as stress to minimize them. A regular daily routine with sufficient recovery periods is extremely important.
Relaxation methods such as autogenic training, progressive muscle relaxation or meditation can help reduce stress. In the case of very high psychological distress or pronounced symptoms, psychotherapeutic support of the affected person can also improve the irritable bowel syndrome. Methods used include behavioral therapy, conversation therapy or hypnosis.
Often the sufferers of irritable bowel are very worried. Therefore, it is important for you to know that irritable bowel although limits the quality of life, but not the life expectancy. Irritable bowel does not increase the risk of colon cancer or other sequelae.