The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (also called RDS or irritable bowel syndrome) usually occur only during the day, constantly or recurrently and over a longer period (at least twelve weeks). Common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are diffuse or spasmodic abdominal pain and discomfort, which are often alleviated by defecation. It is also typical for irritable bowel syndrome that abdominal pain occurs when stool frequency or consistency changes. Pain in the abdomen, for example, accompanies periods of diarrhea or constipation.
Symptoms of irritable bowel: diarrhea and flatulence
Other possible symptoms besides diarrhea or constipation in irritable bowel disease are:
- rumbling intestinal sounds
The stool is usually changed: often the feces are hard or there are mucus deposits. It also comes - in addition to frequent or reduced defecation - disturbances in the toilet, for example, strong pressing is necessary to give diarrhea or there is a feeling that the chair is not completely emptied.
Irritable bowel: exclusion of other causes necessary
Exclude serious diseases as the cause of the complaints, especially colon cancer and inflammatory bowel disease, but also stomach ulcers and stomach cancer, celiac disease and liver disease.
This is done by various measures, in particular the following measures:
- a palpation of the rectum
- Gastric and colonoscopy
- Stool and blood tests
In irritable bowel syndrome, tests are often performed to exclude lactose or fructose intolerance or allergy.