Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in Germany. Roughly a quarter of all cancer cases go to his or her account. Each year, almost 60, 000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer. The prognosis for prostate cancer has improved significantly in the last 20 years and depends mainly on the cancer stage. The diagnosis cancer of the prostate gland - also referred to as prostate cancer or malignant prostatic hyperplasia - is not so rare, today more common than before. This is mainly due to the fact that the risk for this type of cancer increases sharply with increasing age, as does our life expectancy.
Survival in prostate cancer has increased thanks to established medical check-ups
In addition, the cancer screening studies introduced in the 1970s have made prostate cancer more detectable today. As a result, although prostate cancer is more common than it used to be, it also has a much better survival rate. For example, mortality has fallen by 20 percent since 1990. Currently, the five-year survival rates - which can often be equated with a cure - at about 87 percent. Most men are over 70 years old at the time of diagnosis, prostate cancer is under-50s rare.
Prostate cancer: causes and triggers
It is still unclear what causes prostate cancer exactly. However, risk factors are known that can contribute to cancer growth. In addition to age, this includes hereditary factors, which presumably play a role in younger people in particular. When prostate cancer occurs in close relatives, the risk of self-infection increases greatly. The male sex hormone testosterone, which is produced in the testes, also plays a role in the causes of prostate cancer: testosterone stimulates the cancer cells, and conversely without testosterone, no prostate cancer is produced. However, testosterone is indispensable for prostate function, therefore, the balance seems to be important.
Lifestyles are also thought to influence prostate cancer, with low-fiber, high-fats and calorie-rich diets, physical inactivity and obesity contributing to the development of prostate cancer. Environmental factors such as radiation exposure or heavy metals can cause prostate cancer.
Prevent prostate cancer
As with many diseases, prostate cancer also has factors that can not be influenced (such as age or genes) and others that can lower the risk. Factors that can prevent prostate cancer include:
- Remove excess weight
- Exercise regularly
- Rarely and drink little alcohol, do not smoke
- Healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables: It is known that a diet with many antioxidants can in principle prevent cancer. It is often recommended as a prostate diet, regularly tomatoes (also as juice or marrow) and soy to put on the menu. Tomatoes contain lycopene (the red dye) and, like soybeans, phytoestrogens that are thought to prevent prostate cancer.
- Balancing stress and relaxation: Even though there is no direct link to prostate cancer, it is well known that a balanced lifestyle is good for your health.
Recognize prostate cancer early
The sooner prostate cancer is detected, the better the chances of recovery. For this reason, men over the age of 45 should take the examinations taken by the health insurance companies for cancer screening and regularly have their doctor palpate the prostate.