If the polypous growths are very small and do not affect the respiration, you usually do not notice anything about it as a person affected. However, if the polyps become larger, they may interfere with breathing through the nose, as they severely restrict the nasal cavity. Some sufferers feel as if there is a foreign body in their nostrils.
Signs of polyps
Even snoring and sleep disturbances can be a sign of nasal polyps, since breathing is difficult especially when lying down. In addition, recurrent sinusitis (sinusitis), purulent runny nose and a weakening or even the complete loss of the sense of smell may occur.
In some people, a nasal vocabulary indicates that polyps are present. Other symptoms may include headache or chronic bronchitis. When the sinuses are affected, the patient may experience a feeling of pressure on the face, especially around the eyes, over the upper cheeks and forehead.
Complications from polyps
Nasal polyps are often located near the passages to the paranasal sinuses and can severely narrow them. The sinuses are thus poorly ventilated and secretion is difficult or impossible to drain. This can lead to sinusitis. Very rarely does the inflammation spread to other bones and soft tissues, in extreme cases even to the brain. Emergency treatment in the hospital is essential in these cases.
As the breathing through the nose is only very limited due to the growths and the swollen mucous membrane, the affected breathes increasingly through the mouth. However, it eliminates the filtering effect of the nasal mucosa and bacteria or viruses can easily penetrate into the body - which in turn increased respiratory tract infections occur.
Diagnosis of polyps
The diagnosis of nasal polyps is usually done by the ear, nose and throat doctor. After a thorough anamnesis, he first examines the anterior part of the nasal cavity with the aid of a so-called speculum. The speculum is a type of forceps, which is inserted in the closed state from the front into the nose and slightly opened there.
To examine the middle section of the nasal cavity and the areas near the apex, a doctor of endoscopy takes care of himself. Endoscopes are rigid or flexible, tubular instruments of different sizes that allow you to inspect body cavities. However, the doctor with the endoscope can not see into the paranasal sinuses. For this he has to take an X-ray or computed tomography (CT). If the polyps are to be surgically removed, the extent of the polyps will first be visible on CT.