Basically, the age of the donor must be 18 to 65 years, the weight over 50 kg. In addition, its suitability is checked before each donation - risks for donors and recipients must be excluded. The purpose of this is the collection of the medical history and the medical examination. There should be no acute adverse effects on the donor, such as infections or other illnesses, blood pressure, heart rate and temperature should be unremarkable. With the test of a drop of blood from earlobes or fingers an anemia is excluded.
Who is eligible to donate plasma?
In order to exclude a danger to the recipient, there are strictest regulations for the handling of blood products. Chronic diseases and certain drug therapies are also exclusion criteria for donation, such as infections with HIV or hepatitis, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, venereal diseases and addictions. Even risky behavior regarding HIV, hepatitis and drugs or the infection of the sex partner with infectious diseases makes a person unsuitable for donations.
In some cases, at least a temporary donation exclusion is required. These include, for example, traveling to countries at high risk of infection, major operations and certain vaccinations. After extraction, the plasma is thoroughly examined in the laboratory. Increased safety is provided by the regulation that plasma is stored frozen for a certain time and then rechecked. In addition, it is preventively treated by methods that inactivate viruses.
Are there risks for the donor?
In general, the procedure is well tolerated by the healthy. Rarely, there may be a bruise at the injection site, very rarely phlebitis or nerve damage. Few people are sensitive to the anticoagulant and complain of tingling or a numb feeling on the mouth, tongue or fingers and toes, extremely rarely muscle cramping or heart stumbling. However, these side effects are easily treatable and are rapidly reversed.